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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume III, Issue VI, June 2015 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th June 2015
Full Paper available from: 25th June 2015


Mosquito Repellant Property of Azadirachta Indica Extract (Fruit Bark and Seed Kernel)
Wannang N.N, Ajayi V.F, Ior L. D, Dapar L.M.P, Okwori V. A, Ohemu T

Abstract: Malaria is a serious public health problem in the tropics. This study, investigated the mosquito repellent effect of the plant Azadirachta indica extracts of the seed kernel and fruit bark on human volunteers. Two different mosquito species were used, female anopheles and culex . It was observed that the fruit bark exhibited slight repellent activity, significant at p<0.05 for the number of bites between 0-60 minutes by culex mosquitoes. The seed kernel extract exhibited significant repellent activity, significant at p<0.01 and also the extract was more effective on the female anopheles than on the culex mosquito species.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-4


Garlic Volatile Oil as Promising Fumigan for the Cotrol of the Lesser Grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica (adult)
Mahgoub Ishag A.alla, Azhari Omar Abdel Bagi

Abstract: Laboratory experiments were carried out to investigate the efficacy of the fumigant action of garlic volatile oil on Rhyzopertha dominica (adult) in small cups (200 g) and jute sacs (100 g) to shed light on suitable fumigation period and concentration. Garlic volatile oils were tested at concentrations ranging between 0.1 and 20% v/v for short exposure (6-48 hrs) and medium exposure periods (3-15 days), however for longer exposure period (15-60 days) concentrations were between 0.001-1.0 v/v. The results of the short periods indicated that garlic volatile oils are very effective and caused significant mortalities to the test insects in cups at all concentrations tested (after waiting recoveries for seven days) compared to control. Effect was dosage related. However the insect was found to be sensitive to garlic fumigation. The test insect efficacy was tested over medium (3-15 days) and longer (15-60 days) exposure periods in sacs in the latter using much lower concentrations (0.001-1.0). The results indicated that garlic oil was able to penetrate through sacs and cause significant death to the test insect (R. dominica (adult)) compared to control. Effect was dose dependant. The performance of garlic fumigation in cups is much similar to that in sacs. Recovery cases noticed were little and negatively related to the dosage.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 5-8


Faithful Reflection: The Accounting and Accountability Church Tritugas
Kiet Tumiwa, Iwan Triyuwono, Unti Ludigdo, Ni Ketut Rasmini

Abstract: This research aims to discover the meaning of accounting and accountability church tritugas which not delivered in front of church. This research uses an inter-pretive paradigm with Husserl's transcen-dental phenomenology as an analytical tool. The object of this research is a pentecostal church in Denpasar, where researchers used six management personnel church organization as an informant. In the process of data collection researchers used two techniques, interviews and observation. The results showed that the meaning of Christian, spirituality, obedience, love, and example to animates accounting and accountability of church tritugas, which makes the word of God as a guide in all activities, with openness, honesty, solidarity, and the firmness of the rules for the offender in order to break the nature vanity, and bring peace to the people, as an expression of respect for the God.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 9-14


ENVIRONMENTAL ISOLATION OF Cryptococcus Neoformans IN JOS
C.A Ior, G. Ayanbimpe, L.D. Ior, J. Okechalu, G. O.Chris-Otubor

Abstract: Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic human pathogen that causes cryptococcosis, a life-threatening infection that is usually manifested as menigeoencephalitis mainly in immunocompromised patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of Cryptococcus neoformans from four environmental sources; water, soil poultry droppings and pigeon guano in Jos, plateau state, Nigeria. Two hundred samples, fifty samples each of water, soil, poultry droppings and pigeon guano were collected from five different settlements in Jos. Each sample was suspended 1:10 in saline solution and then cultured in Sabouraud's dextrose agar medium including chloramphenicol. Identification of C. neoformans was performed on the basis of melanin synthesis on bird seed agar, presence of a capsule on India ink preparation, urease production on urea agar medium, and ability to grow at 37 °C. An assimilation test was also used to confirm C. neoformans. Of the 200 samples, 17(8.5%) were positive for C. neoformans. The highest frequency was observed in pigeon guano 8(16.0%) followed by soil 6(12.0%) and poultry droppings 3(6.0%) no isolate was made from water. The study showed the presence of C. neoformans in environmental sources especially in domestic birds.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 15-17


Perception of Parents towards Their Roles in the Character Development of the Child in Enugu Metropolis of Nigeria
Dr. Anthonia Chinonyelum Egbo

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to find out the perception of parents towards their roles in character development of their children in Enugu Metropolis. These children who are expected to be tomorrow’s leaders especially now that Nigeria has achieved or attained more than 50 years of age. The researchers used two hypotheses to guide the comparism development of the child by means of a T-test. There was no significant difference found between parents in their perception of their roles in the character development of the child on the basis of religion. There was significant difference in perception of parents towards their roles in the character development of their children on the basis of family structure. Based on this, the researcher recommended that counsellors should organize martial counseling for intending couples and parents. Religious and moral principles should be transmitted from generation to generation.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 18-21


Auto-Retirement System (ARS) for University Workers
AJAYI Olusola Olajide, OGUNLEYE Olumuyowa Hezekiah, OJEYINKA Taiwo Olusegun, IYARE Rachel Nkem, LAWAL Muideen Adekunle, ISHEYEMI Olufemi Gabriel

Abstract: Automatic retirement system is a research work that provides the automation of the manual system of retirement process in an academic institution. The system will automatically trigger the retirement process once the set parameters are reached. In order to accomplish the proposed system for retirement, the following methodologies were adopted: Establishment of the theoretical foundation for the research work through considerable review of different range of works in personnel management and also developing a decision support system for the proposed system.This research work would be of great benefit to universities in the sense that the study will enable the institution to know when to recruit another set of employees once the date for older employees’ retirement and their numbers are known. Also, there is a time-based reminder that gives alerts of the employees due for retirement; consequently, the employees are served reminder memo of their retirement date.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 22-30


A Survey on Cloud Security, Challenges and Mitigation
Md. Alimuzzaman

Abstract: Cloud computing has emerged around the world, and the use of it has become popular very quickly in organizations. Cloud computing make available for use many advantages like accessibility of data and low cost. Security is a major issue in cloud computing environment, because customer’s stores confidential information’s with a cloud storage provider, but these providers are not trusted. Cloud security is becoming a major concern for organizations. This paper discusses the security issues, i.e. risks, attacks that arise in cloud computing. Overview state various attacks and their mitigation techniques.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 31-36


Clinical Supervision as a Key for Effective Teaching and Learning in Enugu State of Nigeria Secondary Schools: Relevance and Challenges
Roseline U. Chidobi

Abstract: The paper, therefore discussed relevance and challenges in using clinical supervision for effective teaching and learning in the secondary education. The purpose of this paper is to identify the relevance and challenges of clinical supervision for effective teaching and learning. The study was a descriptive survey research in which the quantitative data were collected through20 – item questionnaire. This was administered on 335 respondents made up of principals and teachers. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation on a modified 4 – point rating scale for the research questions and t – test statistics for the null hypotheses. Findings of the study revealed some of the relevance of clinical supervision in teaching and learning: which includes improving the teacher classroom behaviour, activities of clinical favour students learning etc. It also revealed that clinical supervision has some challenges which include problem of collaborated disagreement between the teacher and principal, lack of trained supervisor, inadequate supervisors in different areas of specialization and time constraint. Based on the findings the study recommended that post primary school management Board should make it compulsory that clinical supervision should be carried out at least once a term in all the secondary schools in Enugu State.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 37-42


Data Mining with Decision Tree to Evaluate the Pattern on Effectiveness of Treatment for Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Clustering and Classification Techniques
Babu C Lakshmanan, Valarmathi Srinivasan, Chinnaiyan Ponnuraja

Abstract: Data mining is a process which helps in uncovering interesting data patterns in large volume of data. This procedure has become an ever more activity in all areas of medical science research especially in healthcare circumstances. Data mining has resulted in the innovation of useful hidden patterns from enormous databases. In this paper, a methodology is proposed for the programmed exposure and classification to evaluate the pattern on effectiveness of treatment for Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) patients. Tuberculosis is a disease caused by mycobacterium which spreads through the air and hits low immune bodies easily. Our methodology is based on clustering and classification that classifies the success rate of Tuberculosis treatment based on the two broad classifications of the drug susceptibility testing (DST) namely, sensitivity to all drugs and resistance to any one drug. Age and weight are the main influencing factors for PTB patients, Two Step Clustering(TSC) is used to group data into different clusters and assign classes based on age and weight besides, The same procedure is being compared between with and without clusters of age and weight. Subsequently multiple different classification algorithms are trained on the result set to build the final classifier model based on decision tree along with K-fold cross validation method. The best obtained treatment effectiveness was 97.9% on a specified pattern from Classification and Regression Trees (CART). The proposed approach helps clinicians in their treatment planning procedures for different categories (through decision trees) to discover relationships which are currently hidden in the data.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 43-48



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Scirj, Volume IV
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