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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume II, Issue VII, July 2014 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th July 2014
Full Paper available from: 25th July 2014


"HARMONI” AS A PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL OF VILLAGE CREDIT INSTITUTIONS IN BALI, INDONESIA
I Ketut Sujana, Made Sudarma, Gugus Irianto, M. Achsin

Abstract: Village Credit Institutions (LPDs) in Bali are non-bank financial institutions which performance appraisal is unsuitable for the spirit of its formation and activities that are based on Tri Hita Karana (THK) culture. This research is aimed to reconstruct the LPD performance appraisal with the cultural perspective of THK for community aspect (pawongan) dimension. To achieve this objective, the researchers employed critical theory methodology by means of Habermas ’Theory of Communicative Action (HTCA). A case study was employed as the research strategy, and the data were obtained by interviews, documentary studies, and observations. HTCA was employed to analyze the occurrence of appraisal dominance of LPD performance and to find out the desire of the informants on the performance appraisal of LPD today. In addition, the integration of HTCA and THK culture are employed to make changes on LPD performance appraisal. This study finds that LPD performance appraisal is more comprehensive and suitable for its identities. The performance appraisal takes the form of the concepts implied in the acronym "HARMONI”, namely: liquidity, assets’ quality, profitability, capital, welfare distribution (give out), and niskama-karma. This concept is expected to provide a better LPD performance appraisal and is capable to provide an increase in the enlightenment and emancipation towards the interested parties in LPD.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-10


Role of Government Reform in Bureaucracy in the Region
Budi Supriyatno

Abstract: Reform of government bureaucracy is a way to achieve "good governance", which can be the beginning of a state of advanced and modern. With the reform of governance systems more effectively and efficiently, is expected to materialize the impact of governance "Service" to the community is more precise, fast, and professional. In this bureaucratic reform role of the central government to provide guidance and assistance to local governments so that reforms can be run in accordance with community expectations. Indonesia has been reformed since 1998 and showed a positive development from the aspects of development accelerated implementation. However, there are still many problems arise because of the varied regional capabilities, the need for appropriate measures in dealing with problems that hinder the implementation of bureaucratic reform in the region. The problems encountered in the field include: Organization, legislation, human resource management, irregularities and abuse of authority, Public Service, and the pattern of thought (mind-set) and work culture (culture-sets) have not fully support the bureaucratic red tape that is efficient, effective and productive, and professional. This study aims to contribute to the government, both central and local government in order to reform the bureaucracy in areas including service-related.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 11-22


Accountability and accounting infrastructure in several churches in Bali
Anik Yuesti, Putu Kepramareni

Abstract: Accountability in the control and management of public funds is one of the most sensitive aspects of the activities of government in all democracies. Hence, the 2007 the regulation enacted by the Republic of Indonesia contains provisions relating to control over public funds. However, the required level of accountability in public expenditure has not been achieved by some churches in Bali. The situation has remained worrisome even though the region does not lack in appropriate laws and regulation required to bring rationality into the system. Though there have been some bold steps and initiatives in the recent past by the government through strengthening existing institutions and creating new ones with responsibility for fraud prevention and other controls, the issue of weak accounting infrastructure has not been addressed. This paper argues that accountability in public expenditure can more easily be realized within the context of a sound accounting infrastructure and a robust accounting profession and not in the multiplicity of laws and anti-corruption agencies; all of which are reactive in nature. Therefore, the paper reports on the current state of accounting infrastructure in several churches in Bali, and conclude with an assessment of the existing agencies and current reform initiatives in ensuring accountability of public expenditure in several churches in Bali.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 23-30


School Children's Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding STIs/HIV; A Comparative Descriptive Study in Rural and Urban Settings in Sri Lanka
A.V. Pramuditha Madhavi, Sumeda S. Subasingha, Devika P. Chandrasekara, Menaka S. Jayakotana

Abstract: Using quantitative approach, a descriptive comparative study was conducted to assess and compare the adolescent school children's knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding STIs/HIV in rural and urban settings in Sri Lanka participating 294 students. The study tool was self administered questionnaire. This study identified the lacuna in the STIs/HIV knowledge, attitudes and beliefs among adolescent students in both settings. More than half (74.5%) of the students had not heard about STIs but all students had heard about HIV/AIDS in both settings. Most of the students responded correctly identifying unprotected sex, blood transfusion and injecting illegal drugs as modes of transmission of HIV. Half of the students in both settings did not know that the use of condom is the main safe method for prevention and control of STIs/HIV. Most of students in both settings agreed with the attitudes that "people with AIDS should be support helped and treated.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 31-37


Enhancement of Photorefractive Two-Beam Coupling in KNbO3
Subarna Sarker Rupa, Dr. Yasmeen Haque, Dr. Sushanta Kumar Das

Abstract: A theoretical study has been done to investigate the significant enhancement of the photorefractive and photovoltaic effects of a new co-doped potassium niobate crystal (KNbO3: Fe: Ag) as compared to the result obtained for singly doped potassium niobate crystals. The co-doped Ag impurity enters the K site, rather than the typical Nb site, thus changing the local field in the lattice. It is believed that Fe perturbed by the Ag in the K site is responsible for an enhancement of the linear absorption and photocurrent, as well as for the probable increase in the effective trap density. An enhanced trap density is likely the cause of the increased photorefractive counter-propagating two-beam coupling efficiency.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 38-43


THE ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN MARKETING RESEARCH IN NIGERIA
OKOKON B. ATTIH, David Akpabio Adams Ph.D.

Abstract: This study was carried out to identify and examine the role of information technology in marketing research in Nigeria as a basis for making sound decisions. Attempt was made to highlights some of the literature review on the marketing research and information technology. The descriptive research design was adopted for the study. Findings include that information technology tools such as internet, online marketing research, computer networks, information technology parks etc. assist marketing researchers a lot to carryout researches that provide management with relevant, accurate, valid and current information for sound decisions making. Some recommendations made include the following: the management, companies or sponsors of any marketing research study should provide adequate funds to the researchers to guarantee valid, relevant and accurate outcome for sound decisions making, the respondents should be adequately educated on the intended purpose and usage of the research study embarks upon by the marketing researchers and the latest information technology tools should be provided to the researchers to ensure accurate, relevant and valid outcomes.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 44-51


Pectographic Study of Carbonate Sediments around Yewa River, Eastern Dahomey Basin, South Western Nigeria
POPOOLA SAMUEL OLATUNDE, OYATOLA OPEYEMI OTOLORIN , APPIA YOUPELE JULIANO

Abstract: Limestone is the major component of carbonate sediments, and is usually deposited with the remains of skeletal fragments or marine organisms such as plants and microscopic animals as a result of both organic and inorganic processes. The associated minerals are:calcite, aragonite and dolomite minerals. The major ways of classification of limestone are based on its mineralogies, (allochems, cements, matrix) and texture (grain stone, packstone, mudstone, wackestone and boundstone). The topographic maps of Idogo NE, sheet 273NW of the study area includes adjoining communities around the North East and North West of River Igbin and south east of River Ogun, south of River yewa which drains in a sub dendiritic and dendiritic pattern and flows into the Yewa lagoon were studied and divided into grids of 500m intervals. Pitting exercise was carried out to expose the limestone beds after representative core samples were collected from labeled core boxes. Petrographic slides were prepared from seven limestone samples as a representative sample of borehole 4 borehole 5, borehole 7 borehole 9, borehole 10, borehole 13 and borehole 14 were prepared at the department of geology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, the prepared slides from the collected samples were closely examined under plane polarized light.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 52-67



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Scirj, Volume V
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Scirj, Volume IV
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
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March Issue
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