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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume II, Issue II, February 2014 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th February 2014
Full Paper available from: 25th February 2014


MORAL AND SOCIAL EVIL IN HUMAN CLONING: A PHILOSOPHICAL EVALUATION
CHUKWUMA JOSEPH NNAEMEKA, ONWE, JERRY N.

Abstract: The ethics of human cloning is a do-or-not issue in the science of cloning and bio-technology. Since the successful cloning of Dolly the sheep, the issue of human cloning has been a controversial agenda. According to the proponents of this development, there is a possibility of creating genetically identical human beings just as that of Dolly the sheep, animals and tissues of living and dead organisms could also be cloned from a single genetic progenitor. Some bio-technologists claim that if human cloning is in place, the issue of childlessness, starvation and premature death would be augmented. Hence, science of cloning advances science of embryonic research. There are some ethicists who insist that the attitude of bio-technology (science of cloning) should be evaluated since it uses human beings as objects of scientific experiments. And human beings are ends in themselves and not a means to an end. Perhaps, the negative implications of science of cloning outweigh its positive implications. Therefore, it is morally and socially reprehensive and evil for human beings to pursue. In an attempt to address this problem, we explored the tenets in cloning, the sanctity of human identity, the law of nature, life and human nature, objective good in cloning and cloning and family structure. In conclusion, we contend that science of cloning should not be allowed in human terrain.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-5


The Effect of Financial Situation on Continuance Commitment: Research with Public Employees
Ayşe Esmeray YOĞUN

Abstract: Commitment is a very important term for all organizations. Especially teacher’s commitment is related with their self-effort to the quality of the education service. Most of the commitment research use Allen & Meyer scale. In Allen Meyer scale, commitment is defined with three dimensions: emotional commitment, normative commitment and continuance commitment. For this research continuance commitment will be focused to understand the relationship between employee’s financial (credit loan and possession status) situation and their organizational commitment. It is assumed that especially financial burdens are the driver for continuance commitment. So from this view, it is questioned, if continuance is a kind of commitment or obligation. Main research problem of this current study is to clarify teacher’s continuance commitment and it’s relation with financial dependency for public workers. Sample of the study is working teachers at public schools in Turkey. 240 of those teachers were completed questionnaire for the research. Descriptive statistics and t test features of the SPSS 16.00 version is used for the data analysis.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 6-14


Impact of Financial Leverage on Financial Performance: Special Reference to John Keells Holdings plc in Sri Lanka
Perinpanathan Rajkumar

Abstract: A general concept prevails that the financial leverage is helpful to enhance the financial performance of the companies. For measuring the impact of financial leverage on the financial health of the companies, it is essential to know whether a positive relationship exists between financial leverage and financial performance or not? So, this study is intended to test the hypothesis and to measure a relationship between the financial leverage and the financial performance of the John Keells Holdings plc in Sri Lanka during the periods of 2006-2012. The findings of the study show a negative relationship between the financial leverage and the financial performance of the John Keells Holdings plc. But the financial leverage has a significant impact on the financial performance of the John Keells Holdings plc in Sri Lanka.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 15-20


PERSONALITY, SELF EFFICACY AND HEALTH ANXIETY AS PREDICTORS OF HEALTH RISK BEHAVIOUR AMONG SCAVENGERS IN IBADAN, SOUTHWESTERN, NIGERIA
Olalekan Taoreed Kazeem

Abstract: Scavengers working on dumpsite are often engagedin various health risk behaviour as a result of working conditions with solid waste. The study examines personality traits, self-efficacy and health anxiety as predictors ofhealth risk behaviouramong scavengers. For personality traits, widely accepted Big Five was utilized as indicators; the Big Five dimensions were openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.Personal safety, violence related behaviour, suicide and sexual behaviour were utilized for health risk behaviour.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 21-28


Sekala and Niskala Accountability practices in the clan-based organization MGPSSR in Bali, Indonesia
Putu Kepramareni, Made Sudarma, Gugus Irianto, Aulia Fuad Rahman

Abstract: MGPSSR is a clan organization based on kinship and lineage. It comprises individuals and families of the descendants of the Sapta Rsi, seven venerated sages in ancient Bali. Initially, it was established to plan and supervise the construction and renovation of temples related to the seven sages. It was established in 1952 and enters its 61 years this year. One interesting phenomenon about the organization is its ability to carry out its missions for years without suffering any problem related to its financial accountability. The purpose of this research is finding out and understanding the accountability practices of this organization. The research used the ethnomethodology approach, which focused on methods and ways the MGPSSR carries out its accountability practices. Data were acquired through interviews, archival and documentation study, as well as observation. The interview was carried out with the organization’s executives and members, and members of the general public. The research shows that the organization has implemented a holistic accountability practices, comprises both the secular and religious ones. The organization carries out two forms of accountability practices, the sekala (physical/seen) and niskala (non-physical/religious/unseen). These accountability practices are based on personal accountability, a term comprises the individual’s sense of responsibility and integrity based on the religious values of karma, altruism and moral purity.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 29-33


Determination of Optimum Tilt Angle and Orientation of a Flat Plate Solar Collector for Different Periods in Kano
N. H. Waziri, A. M. Usman, J. S. Enaburekhan, A. Babakano

Abstract: The importance of collector tilt angle and orientation in solar systems cannot be overemphasized. It determines the intensity of the radiation on a collector and its ability to reflect, transmit and absorb the radiation. In this study, collector tilt angle and orientation for Kano, Nigeria which lies on latitude 12.10N was determined experimentally. A solarimeter mounted on a plane of a simply constructed flat plate solar collector was used to measure the solar radiation and determine the angle at which the record is high. The optimum collector tilt angles for the months of November to April were found to lie between (Φ + 3o) ≤ β_opt≤ (Φ + 33o). At these inclinations, the mean monthly solar radiation recorded were about 6%, 3% and 11% higher than at latitude Ф, Ф+150 and Ф -150 respectively
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 34-40


Higher Education Policy in Sri Lanka: Implementation in State Universities
Niruba Sarath Jayasundara

Abstract: The present paper focuses on effectiveness of the Higher Education System in the research domain of Sri Lanka as a unit of analysis. The aim of this research paper is to explain and elaborate the system of Higher Education prevailed in the Island since its inception and how the colonial objectives have transformed to social demands and economic changes prevailed in Sri Lanka and how far Sri Lanka has succeeded to modernize the Higher Education policy with the aim of enhancing the efficiency of the system to fit into the globalized trend. Finally the research will serve as a base for the policy makers for possible changes at the appropriate stages to be addressed or adopted.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 41-44


MATHEMATICAL MODELLING AND OPTIMIZATION OF THE PROCESS OF DERIVING BORIC ACID FROM ULEXITE MINERAL
Novruz BASHIROV, Aynura Alekperova, Jale Mustafayeva, Barati Chiyaneh

Abstract: Ulexite is a sodium calcium boron hydrate used in producing compounds. Its chemical formula is Na2O2CaO5B2O316H2O, and it superabounds in Turkey. One of the significant boron compounds derived from boron minerals is boric acid. The aim of this study is to produce boric acid in the wake of interaction of ulexite with hydrochloric acid solution, and offering an alternative process to producing boric acid by forming the mathematical model of this processing. Full factorial design method has been used in the study. Some of the parameters used in the process have been made steady, and the others have been accepted as variable factor in formation of mathematical model. Invariant parameters are granule size, reaction time and stirring speed. Hydrochloric acid concentration has been accepted as temperature and solid to liquid ratio variable factors for the formation of mathematical model. Primarily, the mathematical model of the process and three-parameter full factorial design have been evaluated in the measureless coordinate system, then the values in the model has been assessed by Student criteria, and the validity of the originated model has been controlled by Fisher criteria. Henceforward, the current model of the process has been formed in the real coordinate system.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-15



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume V
August Issue [In Process]
July Issue
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February Issue
January Issue

Scirj, Volume IV
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
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