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Scirj Volume VI, Issue IX, September 2018 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

SURVEY FOR BRUCELLA ANTIBODIES IN DOGS IN BILLIRI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA

Y. Audu, B. V. Maikai and E. C. Okolocha

Abstract: Brucellosis is an infectious disease that remains endemic in many parts of the world including Nigeria. To determine the sero-prevalence of Brucella antibodies in dogs in Billiri Local Government Area (LGA) of Gombe State, Nigeria, 347 dog sera were screened using Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and competitive Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay (c-ELISA). The sero-prevalence of Brucella antibodies was higher with RBPT (21.90%) than c-ELISA (14.70%). Location-based sero-prevalence of Brucella antibodies revealed highest prevalence rate of 26% in Kalmai Ward, while Bare Ward had the lowest prevalence rate of 4.26%. The seroprevalence of Brucella antibodies increased with age of the dogs with 18.14% in adults and 7.27% in puppies. Sex-based sero-prevalence revealed 18.35% in males and 8.53% in females. Exotic breed of dogs had the highest sero-prevalence of 19.05% compared to 15.26% and 0.00% in the Local and Cross Breeds respectively. Sick dogs had 18.95% prevalence compared to 13.04% in the apparently healthy ones. There was a statistically significant association between the sero-prevalence of Brucella antibodies and age, sex of the dogs (p<0.05) while there was no statistically significant association between the sero-prevalence of Brucella antibodies and breed, health status of the dogs (P>0.05).

Reference this Paper: SURVEY FOR BRUCELLA ANTIBODIES IN DOGS IN BILLIRI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA by Y. Audu, B. V. Maikai and E. C. Okolocha published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume VI, Issue IX, September 2018 Edition, Page 43-52 ".

Search Terms: Brucellosis, Dogs, Billiri LGA of Gombe State, Nigeria

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