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Scirj Volume VI, Issue IX, September 2018 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

An investigation on the effect of gender on parasite distribution in anurans

Omata, Joshua; Madara Adamu

Abstract: Two species of anurans ( Rana temporaria and Bufo bufo) were sampled from 4 different sites in kubwa metropolis of the FCT, Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 172 anurans were collected and the blood and digestive tracks were examined for the presence of haemoparasites and intestinal parasites using thick and thin blood smears and the microscopic examination of the intestine. Blood parasites recovered were Trypanosoma rotatarium and microfilarial worms while intestinal parasites recovered were Oxysomatium sp, Rhabdia sp, Mesoceolium burti, Nyetotherus cordiformis and Opalina ranarum. The results revealed 84.78% of Rana temporaria were parasitized and 95.34% of Bufo bufo were parasitized. Males of Rana temporaria were more infected (97.72%) than the females (72.91%) while the females (96.07%) of Bufo bufo were more infected than the males (94.28%). The prevalence of heamoparasites was dominated by microfilarial worms with (79.65%) of the two species of anurans being infected while (70.34%) harboured Trypanosoma rotatarium. The prevalence of the intestinal parasites was dominated by Opalina ranarum ( 84.88%), followed by Oxysomatium sp ( 58.72%), Rhabdia sp (52.32%), Mesocoelium burti (48.25%) and Nyetotherus cordiformis (44.18%) From the results, it was observed that they are no significant relationships between the prevalence and composition of parasites found in the anurans with respect to their gender. This work provides an overview on how anurans can be implicated in the spread of diseases and parasites.

Reference this Paper: An investigation on the effect of gender on parasite distribution in anurans by Omata, Joshua; Madara Adamu published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume VI, Issue IX, September 2018 Edition, 35-42 ".

Search Terms: Anurans, Rana temporaria, Bufo bufo, Parasites, Prevalence and Gender

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