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Scirj, Volume IX [2021]
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Scirj Volume IX, Issue X, October 2021 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

Influencing Factors of Melasma

Dhara Alifa, R. Amir Hamzah, Jeanny E. Ladi

Abstract: Background: Melasma is a disorder characterized by hyperpigmented macular lesions on the frequently sun-exposed skin. Melasma often occurs and becomes a cosmetics problem that lowers confidence. The cause of melasma is not yet known. Objective: Purpose of this research is analyzing factors associated to melasma in order to improve knowledge and the understanding of the factors that influence the occurrence of melasma. Method: Design of this study was descriptive observational study with cross sectional study. Data for this study was obtained from questionnaires and interviews. The sample size used was whole sampling. Results: The most attained results in each factors was age, Female (99,10%), family history (64,86%), 31-40 years (47,75%), Housewife (44,14%), sunlight 2-3 hours (42,34%), history of hormonal contraceptive (31,81%), history melasma in pregnancy (27,88%), hormonal disease (12,73%). Conclusion: Incidence of melasma has a multifactorial effect but factors gender and family history or genetics maybe strong influencing to the majority of patients.

Reference this Paper: Influencing Factors of Melasma by Dhara Alifa, R. Amir Hamzah, Jeanny E. Ladi published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume IX, Issue X, October 2021 Edition, Page 26-28 ".

Search Terms: Melasma, Influencing Factors,Female,genetics

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