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Scirj Volume VI, Issue XI, November 2018 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

Bioclimatic of mycosis among wild and endemic animals captive-bred at Tsimbazaza Park in the Madagascar

RAZAFIARISOA Berthine, RAZAIARIVELO Christine, RAMAROMILANTO Boromé

Abstract: The Madagascar is renowned as a country with a high endemism Fauna. The island is among the hotspot biodiversity countries. In fact, some infectious diseases are harmful for its wild endemic animals but related information is lacking. This study is carry out to overcome at this deficit. The method of records‘ research is used to estimate the incidence of the mycosis among these animals which were captive-bred at the Tsimbazaza Park. Then, a bioclimatic study is done to appreciate the influence of climate on the development of fungal pathogens and its impact on animals. During the period of observations from year 2011 to April 2018, three types of mycosis (ringworm, aspergillosis and candidiasis) are affected twelve animals: three of them are healed and the rest died mostly by sudden death. Aspergillosis was common than the others type of infections. All classes of animals (mammals, aves, reptiles) are concerned with eleven endemic species listed on the red list of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Females were more vulnerable than males. The optimum of diseases are located in 2016 and 2017, recorded among the global warmest years. These conditions was favorable both for generating discomfort within the living organisms and for fungus development. Infections were more significant at the two periods of offseason in the Madagascar. These outcomes will help in improving the management of the conservation program by taking into account climate-pathological risks. They may be used too, as eco epidemiology indicators on prevention of the mycosis infections in the Madagascar.

Reference this Paper: Bioclimatic of mycosis among wild and endemic animals captive-bred at Tsimbazaza Park in the Madagascar by RAZAFIARISOA Berthine, RAZAIARIVELO Christine, RAMAROMILANTO Boromé published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume VI, Issue XI, November 2018 Edition, Page 39-45 ".

Search Terms: Bioclimatic, eco epidemiology, hotspot biodiversity, mycosis, Madagascar, wild endemic animals

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