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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume IV, Issue V, May 2016 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th May 2016
Full Paper available from: 25th May 2016


Effect of Role Bappeda, Elit Local Law Enforcement and Public Participation on Effectiveness of Regional Development Planning at Nabire District of Papua Province
Christina M. Lewerissa

Abstract: The results of the regional development planning at Nabire district of Papua province are not yet effective. The purpose of this study is to analyze and provide solutions to the role of City's Development Planning Board (Bappeda), local elites, law enforcement and public participation on the effectiveness of regional development planning at Nabire district of Papua province. This is an explanatory research with quantitative approach, with a population of 11.627 and total of 370 samples and through analysis coefficient of determination in linear regression model. From this research the effect of each variable studied are as follow; (X1) the role of Bappeda, 83.1%, (X2) local elites, 78.7%, (X3) law enforcement, 75.5%, (X4) public participation, 64%, and all variables simultaneously have significant and positive effect on the effectiveness of regional development planning at Nabire district of Papua Province amounted to 75.6%. The findings in this study are that the role of Bappeda in carrying out organization's administration and management has not yet optimal; local elites still prioritizing their personal interests rather than the public interest, through political Autonomy and political representatives, and Papuanization; Law enforcements are not optimal e.g. legal substances that have not guaranteeing customary rights, the attitude of law enforcement officers toward public and vice versa still need to be improved; low level of public participation due to lack of understanding toward the obligation as participant and the benefits by participating.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-6


Political Ethics of the Presidential System in Indonesia: A Review
Dwi Andayani Budisetyowati

Abstract: The adoption of the Presidential system in Indonesia has not been problems free. This paper aims at discussing problems associated to the Presidential system on one hand and highlighting the importance of political ethics in optimizing the Presidential system. The information and data used in this paper are heavily based on literatures review. The paper argues that political ethics should be given attention in improving the implementation of the Presidential system in Indonesia. In addition, it was also found that the adoption of the presidential system in Indonesia still needs further improvement. These improvements include the authority of the presidential to dismiss the House of Representatives. Similarly, the House of Representatives cannot impeach the president unless there are conditions prescribed by the 1945 Constitution to do so. Furthermore, in the formation of the Act that is set out in Article 20 and Article 5 of the 1945 Constitution, every bill should be discussed with the President and the Parliament. This means that if the bill has been approved by both parties, then there should not be any attempts to cancel it as it happened in the case of the regional election law in recent years. Also, there is a need to have checks and balances between the President and Parliament. Finally, further improvement of the presidential system should also be conditioned together with the regional governments. Thus, much remain to be done in optimizing the implementation of the Presidential system in Indonesia.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 7-10


The Factors Influencing Credit Quality: Capital Adequacy of Credit Risks Indonesia Banking to Fulfill Their Role in Economy to Transform Risks
Natali Ikawidjaja, Eka Afnan Troena , Muhammad Ali , Abd. Rakhman Laba

Abstract: There is several factors that could influence credit quality in Indonesian banking. Of these factors, capital adequacy and credit risk are two of the major factors that were focused in many studies. This paper reviews prior research on credit risk analysis mainly focusing on structural models. Structural default model used is related with the credit quality of a firm and the firm’s economic and financial conditions as introduced by Merton (1974). This model is, in contrast to the reduced-form models where default is given exogenously. The structural models in this study used the evolution of a firm’s structural variables, such as asset and debt values, to determine the timing of default. This study argued that Merton’s model considers a firm as failure if, at the time of servicing the debt at maturity, its assets are below its outstanding debt. The basic idea is that the firm’s equity is seen as a European call option with maturity T and strike price D on asset value V. The firm’s debt value is the asset value minus the equity value seen as a call option. This method presumes a very simplistic capital structure and implies that default can only occur at the maturity of the zero-coupon bond. This study concludes inter alia that the challenge ahead for Indonesian financial authority now is to appreciate the central position of Indonesia’s banking and finance industries in the country’s ongoing development.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 11-17


Ideological Paradox of Practices of Principles of Good Governance in Local Government Institutions in Sri Lanka
K.B.G.S.K.Gamlath

Abstract: Local government is core stone of the democracy and development of the given country. Global trend of the local government has been rapidly changed and have adopted principles of good governance in their local institutional systems in the world. Local government system in Sri Lanka has to be changed with parallel to global trend in term “Good Governance”. Nature of Local government is significant regarding determine shape and nature of the democratic political culture of the given society as whole. Global objective of the local government is to archive millennium goals by adopting principles of good governance in practices. Sri Lanka is democratic country with consist their own local government system since long historical time line. One of the main purposes of this local government system was to enhance democratic practices by adopting universal trends such as practical aspect of good governance and deliver rapid and quality service for the ordinary citizens for their social wellbeing. Yet, recent trend has emphasized that most of local government institutions has been reflected lack of adopting and practices of good governance principles with regard quality and accountable services in their institutional practices. Why? The overall objective of this paper is to explore the main reasons behind the failure of good governance in practices of existing local government institutions. This research, specially, focused on practices of good governance in local sphere. As a methodology, secondary data has been applied to gathering facts and information regarding content analysis. Therefore, global literature has been accessed for gathering information. Main scholarly writings and interpretations and arguments have been re-examined in this paper.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 18-26



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Scirj, Volume V
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Scirj, Volume IV
December Issue
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August Issue
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June Issue
May Issue
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