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Scirj Volume II, Issue V, May 2014 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

Application of Organic Manure and Mycorrhizal for Improving Plant Growth and Yield of Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.)

Samanhudi, Ahmad Yunus, Bambang Pujiasmanto, Muji Rahayu

Abstract: Problems encountered in the development of herbal medicine industry is that most of the raw materials (80%) came from the forest or natural habitats and the rest (20%) of the results of traditional cultivation. Provision of raw materials still rely on the natural occurrence of genetic erosion has resulted in some important medicinal plants such as ginger, turmeric, temulawak, and kencur. This research was conducted in the District of Karanganyar, Central Java. The research is focused to improve cultivation techniques of temulawak plants (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) by using various types of organic manure (chicken, goat, and cow) combined with various dose levels of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) application. The purpose of this research is to gain a steady cultivation technology through the use of organic nutrients and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi so as to increase the production of temulawak plants. The results showed that goat manure can significantly increase the growth and yield of temulawak on every variable except plant height compared with other manure (chicken and cow). Mycorrhizal treatment at a dose of 10 g/plant capable of improving growth in a variable of leaves number, fresh weight of plant, dry weight of plant, and fresh weight of rhizomes. No interaction between organic manure application and mycorrhizal treatment dose on all observation variables growth and yield of temulawak.

Reference this Paper: Application of Organic Manure and Mycorrhizal for Improving Plant Growth and Yield of Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) by Samanhudi, Ahmad Yunus, Bambang Pujiasmanto, Muji Rahayu published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume II, Issue V, May 2014 Edition, Page 11-16 ".

Search Terms: Temulawak, Curcuma xanthorrhiza, organic manure, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

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