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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume II, Issue III, March 2014 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th March 2014
Full Paper available from: 25th March 2014


ATTITUDE OF MARRIED ADULTS IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS
OGWOKHADEMHE, M.C. (Ph.D.), Ekhelar, Anselm Izuade (Ph.D.) , Christianah Eragbe

Abstract: ones) on reproductive health, to have meaningful social relationships in the context of family and society. It also assists to prepare the young ones for adulthood. It is described as family life education because it is the enlightenment packaged that is designed for appropriate reproductive health which is aimed at equipping people on healthy mutual satisfying and responsible sexual relationship. For young ones to learn how to live a healthy life in an healthy environment, it is important to conduct this study which aimed at investigating attitude of married adults in Kwara State towards the teaching of reproductive health education in schools. A total of 200 married adults were randomly sampled from Ilorin West, Ilorin East, Ilorin South and Offa Local Government Area of Kwara State (40, 40, 40 & 80 respectively). A researcher developed instrument tagged “Attitude of Married Adults Towards Teaching of Reproductive Health Education Questionnaire (AMATTRHEQ) was used to collect relevant data from the respondents with a 4 Liker rating scale of Strongly Agree, Agree, Disagree and Strongly Disagree. Content validity of the instrument was ascertained by five experts in the Department of Counsellor Education, University of Ilorin and test retest reliability of 0.86 was obtained which showed that the instrument is reliable. The instrument was pilot tested and the response revealed that the instrument is usable and free from errors and ambiguous. To analyze the data collected, descriptive statistic (mean, frequency count and percentage) was used for the personal data and research question while inferential statistic (t-test and analysis of variance) was used to analyze the research hypotheses generated for the study. All hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significant. The major finding of the study showed that married adults in Kwara State has positive attitude towards the teaching of reproductive health education in schools (186, 93%).
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-5


Relation between the New Anthropometric Obesity Parameters and Inflammatory Markers in Healthy Adult Men
Ahmet Celik , Edibe Saricicek, Vahap Saricicek, Elif Sahin, Gokhan Ozdemir, Metin Kilinc, Ayten Oguz

Abstract: Background: The aim of this study is to estimate the relationship between the new anthropometric parameters [waist circumference to height ratio (WHtR), body adiposity index (BAI) and visceral adiposity index (VAI)] and some inflammatory markers (hsCRP, fibrinogen and TNF-alpha). Methods: Randomly selected 182 healthy adult men included to this study. Height, body weight (BW), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) were measured and body mass index (BMI), waist circumferences to hip circumferences ratio (WHR), WHtR, BAI and VAI were calculated (VAI score was calculated after biochemical analysis). Subjects were grouped as Group 1 and Group 2 according to VAI, and normals, overweights and obeses according to BMI. Plasma fibrinogen, serum TNF-alpha and serum hsCRP levels were measured. Results: All APs and hsCRP were increased in GROUP 2 significantly. TNF-alpha and fibrinogen levels were similar. Age, serum hsCRP and plasma fibrinogen were higher in overweights compared to normals. BMI and WHtR were positively correlated to serum hsCRP and plasma fibrinogen. Also VAI and BAI correlated with hsCRP. Conclusion: Classical obesity parameters and new antropometric measures were related to some systemic inflammatory markers in our study. Both general and abdominal obesity have a pretendency toward having high inflammatory markers. New antropometric measures may also reflect these disturbances in overweight adult men.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 6-10


Software Application for Tentative Diagnosis of Poultry Diseases
Adeyemi Vincent Ademola, Fasanmi Olubunmi Gabriel

Abstract: Poultry production is a growing business sector worldwide, owing partly to its profitability and partly to being a ready and affordable source of protein requirement for man. A major problem facing poultry is disease, a state of ill health that could lead to death or poor level of performance of the affected poultry. The scope of this paper, therefore, covers the control and management of disease outbreak in poultry, focusing on the tentative diagnosis of an implicated disease through software application. The software developed, called Pathfinder, using Java programming language and MySQL, provides users, e.g. veterinarians and animal health technologists, an easier, quicker and more precise procedure for tentative diagnosis of poultry diseases. However, application of the software does not rule out confirmatory laboratory test but should assist in commencing treatment procedure of a disease (to prevent spread of the disease) and deciding which confirmatory tests to carry out after the tentative diagnosis has been concluded.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 11-19


DCD, a Potential Shield to Uplift Local Milk (Case Study based on Sri Lankan Milk Powder Industry, 2012/13)
B.K.H.D Anuranga

Abstract: Milk powder industry posted country imports of 84,000 MT of milk products in 2011 at a cost of Rs. 30 billion (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2012) which is a startling amount in comparison to other powdered milk importers in the world despite having lesser population and extent of land at the same time this was a burning issue to the Sri Lanka as this imports of dairy products from foreign countries had become a critical issue in terms of trade balance deficit reported in balance of payment in the country taking 1195.4 billion of rupees equaling to 9409 US million dollars and imports of dairy products alone accounting for 2.5% of Trade balance deficit (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2013). At the same time it was the government policy to be self -sufficient in milk by 2016 (Rajapaksha, 2005). After the media derogated the news about milk powder imported to Sri Lanka from foreign countries are contaminated with DCD and thereby revealing its potential hazardous implications, people became overwhelmed and concerned responding by protesting against milk powder importers and asked the government to address the issue. With the involvement by ITI, milk powder samples were tested and proved DCD to be positive. Backed by the findings the government of Sri Lanka asked both importers and local milk powder manufacturers to with draw products from the market. Further, government took several measures and confined dairy importers not to sell, advertise and exhibit dairy products thus government being able to save more money otherwise could have been incurred in importing milk powder and also to boost the local milk production by reducing imports of milk powder by 12.3% to $307.3 million in late 2012 thus creating a vacuum to be filled by which. It was observed that Highland, Palawatta, locally produces powdered milk, being demanded more whereas imported little or not (Anuranga, 2013). Finally, the government can encourage breast feeding and local dairy manufacturers by importing high
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 20-25


Pre-Clinical Research of Gelatin/Alginate Yarn for Medical Textile
Rifaida Eriningsih, Rini Marlina

Abstract: This study had prepared mixed of 75/25 gelatin/alginate yarn used as suture biomaterials. The raw materials were commercial gelatin powder of 250 Bloom gel strength and sodium alginate extracted from brown seaweed of Sargassum species. Process was done by wet spinning using spinnerets size 2000 μ. Solution consist of a mix gelatin and alginate on the viscosity of 3000 cps and pH 7, made by wet spinning method and coagulated in CaCl2 solution and alcohol to produce yarn which is used as surgical sutures. Final treatment carried out with transglutaminase enzyme (TGA) and glutaraldehyde. Tests result of physical properties on the optimum condition include tensile strength of 1024 g (10 042 N), knot strength of 688.5 g (6.75 N), diameter of yarn 0.31 to 0.34 mm (No. USP = 3), and elongation of about 12%, had qualify to the requirements of U.S. Pharmacopeia 29-NF 24. Preclinical trials on mice had passed the test, i.e. no irritation occurs, can close the body tissue of their incision, wound healing clinical evidence and the yarn can be degraded in the animal tissues.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 26-32


Ideologies, Party Politics and Nigeria’s Politico-economic Development
Godwin Ichimi, PhD

Abstract: This paper aims at interrogating the apparent dearth of ideology, particularly at the level of party politics, in Nigeria. It is contended however that, in realty, beneath this seeming dearth of ideology there is a convergence of commitment to some normative values and ideas by the political class which is distinctively neoliberal.This ideological predilection underpins the posture of the state as it does the manifestoes of the ruling and opposition parties. Against this backdrop, this paper engaged with the nexus between ideology, party politics and Nigeria’s politico-economy and holds that it is of critical imperative for the managers of state to be aware of and factor in the contradictions which this neoliberal ideological posture entails for the quest for national development.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 33-37


THE EFFECT OF BPH MIGAS LEADERSHIP, COORDINATION, CONTROL BY AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ON SUBSIDIZED DIESEL FUEL SERVICE IN NORTH JAKARTA
Dear Badaruddin Andi Picunang,

Abstract: This research concerns the poor service quality of subsidized fossil fuel in Indonesia that has not yet met public expectations. On the other hand, the spirit of good governance requires the involvement of third party actors (non government) to respond to public issues. To address this requirement, good governance should be promoted in all development aspects, including subsidized fossil fuel services run by Badan Pengatur Hilir Minyak dan Gas Bumi - the State Downstream Oil and Gas Regulator (BPH Migas). This research aims to analyze the effect of BPH Migas leadership, coordination and supervision and public participation on the service quality of subsidized diesel fuel in North Jakarta. Samples were collected from 300 respondents using the proportionate stratified random sampling method. This research used quantitative method, data were collected using Likert scale questionnaire, literature research, document analysis and observations. The collected data were analyzed using validity, reliability, normality, linearity, and F and T tests, simple and multiple linear regressions.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 38-46


Shielding calculation based on NCRP methodologies for some diagnostic x-ray facilities in Bangladesh
Md.Mofazzal Haider, Soma Shill, QMR Nizam and Mir Akramuzzaman

Abstract: When Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen accidentally discovered x-rays, he could have no idea what an enormous impact his discovery would have in future on medicine and industry. Today no hospital is complete without x-ray equipment although extensive use of this equipment gives rise to radiation doses that are usually well controlled, but in extreme cases, patients and occupationally exposed persons have been injured by this radiation. Therefore, only proper shielding design of an x-ray room can ascertain the safety of human health.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 47-53


E-Payment System Adoption in Nigerian Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs): Gains and Challenges
Adeyemi Vincent Ademola, Nwakpa Friday Chika

Abstract: ICT is a fast developing technology; its application typically involves the introduction or enhancement of systems or technology to meet a particular business need. An example of such application is the e-Payment system, a subset of e-Government that enables us to perform financial transactions electronically. A survey was conducted in the federal government of Nigeria’s Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) to examine the gains and challenges of the e-Payment system commenced on January 1st, 2009. Non-parametric tests were used to establish the rank orders of gains from e-Payment and the challenges, based on median values for each variable, as well as the number of valid answers. The result revealed the most appreciated gains and most encountered challenges of the new system. The t-Test result for the gains of e-Payment shows that the mean number of positive response was significantly different (P < 0.01) from that of the negative response for each of the gains. Also, the t-Test result for the challenges of e-Payment shows that the mean number of positive response was significantly different (P < 0.01) from that of the negative response for each of the challenges.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 54-58



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