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Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
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Scirj Volume VI, Issue III, March 2018 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

Anthropometric Assessment of Cephalic Indices among Adults of Efik Ethnic Group of Cross River State, Nigeria

ORIA Rademene S. , OBIM Obim N., UDE Raymond A., ORDU Victor C.

Abstract: Cephalic index has been of massive importance to the anatomist, anthropologist and even to the forensic scientist in determination of head shapes and also for medico-legal cases. This research was aimed at studying the cephalic parameters of the Efiks of Cross River State. Five hundred (500) subjects (250 males and 250 females) of age range 18-45years were recruited for this study. Cephalic measurements which include head length and head width were done using a spreading calliper, whereas the cephalic index was obtained as the ratio of head width and head length multiplied by 100. The results revealed that mean head width for male and female individuals of Efik ethnic group was 14.66 ± 0.13cm and 14.15 ± 0.12cm respectively, whereas their head lengths were 18.11 ± 0.11cm and 17.94 ± 0.09cm respectively. More so, the mean cephalic index for male was 81.58 ± 1.12 and for female it was 79.23 ± 0.88. Statistical analysis revealed that the difference in cephalic index between male and female subjects was not significant at p<0.05 using t-Test. Also, in males brachycephalic (broad head) head shape had the highest frequency whereas, in female mesocephalic (moderate head) head shape was predominant. Overall, Brachycephalic head type was predominant in the Efiks. This study will be of immense importance to anatomists for comparison of cephalic indices, to the anthropologists for racial head shape classification and forensic scientists in medico-legal cases.

Reference this Paper: Anthropometric Assessment of Cephalic Indices among Adults of Efik Ethnic Group of Cross River State, Nigeria by ORIA Rademene S. , OBIM Obim N., UDE Raymond A., ORDU Victor C. published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume VI, Issue III, March 2018 Edition, Page 83-88 ".

Search Terms: Anthropometry, cephalic index, head width, head length, Efik Ethnic group, Nigeria

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