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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume II, Issue VI, June 2014 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 30th June 2014
Full Paper available from: 30th June 2014


Anti-mycobacterium activity and Bioassay guided fractionation of the leave extract of Ximenia Americana L.
Nvau J. B., Auwal M., Nangbes J. G., Wufem B.M.

Abstract: This work was aimed at providing preliminary findings that unraveled the promising potential of X. americana for the management of Mycobacterium bovis. The study tried to assess the anti-mycobacterial activity of Ximenia americana using the leave extract after extracting with methanol for 48 hours and the extract subjected to serial solvent partitioning with hexane, chloroform and n-butanol. The various solvent fractions obtained from the partitioning were screened against Mycobacterium bovis and the result showed hexane, chloroform and n-butanol extracts to inhibit the growth of the bacteria with a minimum concentration (MIC) of 3200 µg/ml, 1800 µg/ml and 3500 µg/ml respectively. The activity of the chloroform extract was found to be higher than the hexane and n-butanol as such Bio-assay guided fractionation of the chloroform extract was further carried out using column chromatography and nine fractions were obtained. The fourth and Fifth fractions showed strongest activity at MICs of 130 µg/ml and 140 µg/ml. The mixture of these two most active components gave an improved minimum inhibitory concentration of 78 µg/ml fraction after preparative thin layer chromatography.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-3


Factors Effecting Cadre’s Efficacy in Improving Acceptability in Contraceptive Service in Surabaya Municipality
Iswari Hariastuti

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors contribute to ability caders accepted family planning in Low Parity Young Fertile Married Couple (LP YFMC). The design of this study was quantitative study with crossectional approach. This study was conducted at subdistricts Tambaksari and Semampir, Surabaya. The unit of analysis was family planning caders. Sample size was calculated proportionally and complying the sample size requirement, which was 60 samples. Research result shows that Cadre’s duration of participation, and width of area under supervision have a significant influence on her/his efficacy in empowering acceptability of contraceptive and the use of services. Cadre’s knowledge on human resources development framework does not significantly influence Cadres’s attitude on her/his efficacy in acceptability of contraceptive and empowering the use of services. However, the compiled Cadre’s comprehension, individual potential and intention significantly influence Cadre’s aptitude in social mobilization. The variable of need, social support, and equipment does not have an influence on Cadre’s aptitude in social mobilization. This research has an implication on Cadre’s capacity building by National Population and Family Planning Board (NPFPB), that can be applied as a basis for improving the access of information and services, in the effort of increasing contraceptive prevalence and fertility reduction.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 4-11


Do patients understand medical communication? Patients’ knowledge on anatomical location of organs in human body
Dr. B. S. Ramanayake, Dr. N. E. Liyanagoda, Dr. P. K. Dahanayake, Dr. M. A. D. Hemachandra

Abstract: Doctors often assume that patients have basic knowledge of the body and its functioning. Patients’ knowledge may vary and could depend on number of factors. Misunderstandings in consultation could lead to patient dissatisfaction, unsatisfactory compliance and outcome. This study explored patients’ knowledge on location of organs.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 12-16


Referral Communications in Sri Lanka; Views of General Practitioners
Dr. R.P.J.C. Ramanayake, Dr. A.H.W. De Silva, Dr. D.P. Perera, Dr. R.D.N. Sumanasekera, Dr. L.A.C.L.Athukorala, Dr. K.A.T.Fernando

Abstract: Referral of patients to specialists and hospitals is an essential and inevitable aspect of primary health care. Maintain good communication is essential during the process in order to provide quality care without delays and unnecessary expenses. In Sri Lanka referral letter from a general practitioner (GP) is not essential to get admitted to a hospital or to consult a specialist and there is no registered population for a particular practitioner. This study was conducted to look at the views of general practitioners on referral communications.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 17-22



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