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Scirj, Volume VI [2019]
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Scirj Volume VII, Issue VII, July 2019 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

Nutritional, Phytochemical and Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy Profiling of Vernonia amygdalina Seeds

Adebayo O.R., Efunwole O.O., Adegoke B.M., Raimi M.M.and Adedokun A.A.

Abstract: Nutritional composition, phytochemicals and Fourier transforminfra-red spectroscopy profiling of Vernonia amygdalina seeds were investigated using standard procedures. The proximate composition (%) of the Vernonia amygdalina seeds was found to be; ash (9.828±0.195), moisture (5.447 ±0.070), crude fat (9.480 ± 0.480), crude fibre (23.124 ± 0.780), protein ( 25.235 ± 0.000) and carbohydrate contents (26.886 ± 0.000). The seeds also contains appreciable amount of vitamins (mg/g); Vitamin C (50.807 ± 0.832), vitamin B1 (0.096 ± 0.001) and vitamin B2 (0.055 ± 0.005).The mineral content of the sample (mg/kg) were sodium (30.400), potassium (85.100), calcium (61.200), magnesium (6.185), iron (1.072), zinc (0.311) and manganese (0.273).The phytochemical analyses showed that total phenol, saponins, alkaloid, flavonoids, glycosides and tannins were present while terpenoids and anthraquinones were absent. The results from the infrared spectrum characterize the bioactive compounds present in the Vernonia amygdalina seeds sample. It is advantageous to incorporate Vernonia amygdalina seeds as food supplement for human and livestock benefits.

Reference this Paper: Nutritional, Phytochemical and Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy Profiling of Vernonia amygdalina Seeds by Adebayo O.R., Efunwole O.O., Adegoke B.M., Raimi M.M.and Adedokun A.A. published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume VII, Issue VII, July 2019 Edition, Page 34-44 ".

Search Terms: Infra-red Spectroscopy, minerals, phytochemicals, seeds, Vernonia amygdalina, vitamins

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