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Scirj Volume II, Issue IV, April 2014 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

Nutritional Composition of Seed and Physicochemical Properties of Seed Oil of Vitellaria paradoxa

Raimi Monsurat M., Adegoke Bosede M., Afolabi Olumide

Abstract: This study involved the investigation of the nutritional composition of Vitellaria paradoxa seed by determining its proximate, vitamin and mineral content, and physicochemical properties of seed oil of Vitellaria paradoxa. The results of the proximate composition analysis showed that the seed contained 2.842% moisture, 4.183% ash, 49.155% fat, 9.30% protein, 12.678% fibre and 21.842% carbohydrate and its energy content was 2348.149kJ/100g. The mineral composition analysis showed that the seed contained 61.70ppm K, 52.00ppm Fe, 30.20ppm Ca, 6.24 ppm Mg, 5.10ppm Na, 0.80ppm Cu, 0.72 ppm Zn, 0.30 ppm Mn, 0.04 ppm Ni, 0.02 ppm Pb,0.0l ppm Cd, and 0.01 ppm Co while its vitamins A and C contents were 15012.09 µg/mg and 189.53 mg/g respectively. The result obtained for physicochemical properties of the seed oil showed 0.895g/cm3 specific gravity, 1.464 refractive index, 4.297mg/g acid value, 68.018mg/g iodine value, 224.4mg/g saponification value and 2.160 mg/g free fatty acid. The results obtained in this study for the nutritional (proximate, mineral and vitamin) composition of V. paradoxa seed show that the seed has a high nutritional and energy values, and would be useful raw materials for industries, and animal feed formulations. The seed oil can be described as having good nutritional quality and high commercial value. It is edible and would find applications in food, soap and cosmetics manufacturing besides domestic cooking purposes.

Reference this Paper: Nutritional Composition of Seed and Physicochemical Properties of Seed Oil of Vitellaria paradoxa by Raimi Monsurat M., Adegoke Bosede M., Afolabi Olumide published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume II, Issue IV, April 2014 Edition, Page 35-39 ".

Search Terms: nutritional, oil, proximate, physicochemical, seed, Vitellaria paradoxa

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