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Scirj Volume II, Issue IV, April 2014 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

Efficacy of Moringa and Fertiplus on Phosphorus Availability and Yield of Garden Egg (Solanum aethiopicum) in Two Agro-Ecological Zones of Nigeria

Ali A., M.A. Kekong, E. E. Attoe, R. Sha-ato

Abstract: Field experiments were conducted at two locations in 2009 and 2010 in Southern Guinea savanna (Makurdi) and Rainforest belts (Obubra) of Nigeria to assess the effects of amending soil with moringa leaf and fertiplus manures on phosphorus availability and yield of Garden egg. A factorial combination of two varieties of Garden egg (Solanum aethiopicumm Gilo and Solanum aethiopicum –kumba) and two organic manure sources (Moringa leaf and Fertiplus) were applied at the rates of 0,5,10 and 20 t ha-1 moringa leaf and 1, 2 and 3 t ha-1 fertiplus. These 14 treatments combinations were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in three replications. All rates of the manures increased available soil P levels from low to medium 30 days after incorporation and up to 140 days in both locations although the values were higher in Makurdi than Obubra. All the manure rates significantly (P<0.05) increased the yield and yield components of the garden egg varieties over the control. Moringa leaf at 20 t ha-1 produced the highest fruit yield in both years and locations (7.22 and 6.68 t ha-1 in 2009 and 10.37 t ha-1 and 9.17 t ha-1 in 2010 for Makurdi and Obubra respectively). The crop yield was significantly (t<0.05) higher in Makurdi than Obubra in both years and the yield in 2010 was significantly (t<0.05) higher than 2009 in both locations. Moringa leaf biomass (20 t ha-1) therefore is a good soil amendment for the release of available P and sustainable production of Garden egg in the Nigeria Guinea savanna and Rainforest belts.

Reference this Paper: Efficacy of Moringa and Fertiplus on Phosphorus Availability and Yield of Garden Egg (Solanum aethiopicum) in Two Agro-Ecological Zones of Nigeria by Ali A., M.A. Kekong, E. E. Attoe, R. Sha-ato published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume II, Issue IV, April 2014 Edition, Page 5-14 ".

Search Terms: Agroecology, Efficacy, Fertiplus, Garden egg, Moringa, Phosphorus

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