SciRJ Logo Scientific Research Journal
Menu

Authors
Submit your research
Submission Guidelines
Editorial Board
Review Process
Publication Fee
Scirj Indexing

Publications
Research Journal
Special Issue
Thesis
Monograph

Research Library

RSS & Feeds

Subscribe


Scirj, Volume IX [2021]
October Issue [In Process]
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue



Scirj, Volume VIII [2020]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
Apirl Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue
Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume IX, Issue X, October 2021 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th October 2021
Full Paper available from: 25th October 2021


Effects of Muscle Energy Technique with and without Functional Task Training on Pain and Disability in Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
Sumaira Parveen, Maham Javaid, Prof. Dr Muhammad Salman Bashir, Hafiz Muhammad Uzair Asghar, Maria Iqbal Khan

Abstract: Sacroiliac joint dysfunction is the root cause of lower back pain. Sacroiliac joint is true synovial joint and has complex relationship of sacrum to adjacent structures including vertebra, muscles and ligaments, therefore movement at this joint affect other one. However, pain related to SI joint is more specific to unilateral and extremely variable pain pattern as compare to facet mediated and disco-genic low back pain. The occurrence of sacroiliac joint is far more common and has multifactorial origin, associated with age, gender and pregnancy related reasons Pain related to SI joint dysfunction can either be acute and chronic. For the determination of SI joint dysfunction, various tests are used. Three out of five pain provocation test positive mean that subject has sacroiliac dysfunction.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-25


Influencing Factors of Melasma
Dhara Alifa, R. Amir Hamzah, Jeanny E. Ladi

Abstract: Background: Melasma is a disorder characterized by hyperpigmented macular lesions on the frequently sun-exposed skin. Melasma often occurs and becomes a cosmetics problem that lowers confidence. The cause of melasma is not yet known. Objective: Purpose of this research is analyzing factors associated to melasma in order to improve knowledge and the understanding of the factors that influence the occurrence of melasma. Method: Design of this study was descriptive observational study with cross sectional study. Data for this study was obtained from questionnaires and interviews. The sample size used was whole sampling. Results: The most attained results in each factors was age, Female (99,10%), family history (64,86%), 31-40 years (47,75%), Housewife (44,14%), sunlight 2-3 hours (42,34%), history of hormonal contraceptive (31,81%), history melasma in pregnancy (27,88%), hormonal disease (12,73%). Conclusion: Incidence of melasma has a multifactorial effect but factors gender and family history or genetics maybe strong influencing to the majority of patients.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 26-28


The Influence of Word-of-Mouth Marketing Strategy on Consumer Decisions to Use Land Transportation Services CV. Taxi Service 88 Kotamobagu
Agus Irianto Paputungan, Saldin Paputungan, Herry Mokoginta

Abstract: Word of Mouth is the act of consumers providing information to other consumers from one person to another (interpersonal), both brands, products and services. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of word-of-mouth marketing strategy on consumer decisions in using transportation services on CV. Taxi Service 88 Kotamobagu. The research method used is a quantitative method. Data analysis techniques used, namely simple regression, simple correlation and hypothesis testing. The theory used is the opinion of experts regarding the notion of management, marketing, marketing management, promotion, communication and communication effectiveness, marketing communication, word of mouth, word of mouth marketing, indicators, services, service characteristics, consumer behavior, purchasing decision making, results The research shows that Word of mouth marketing variable and consumer decision variable in CV. Taxi Service 88 Kotamobagu there is an influence between the X variable on the Y variable. This is indicated by the positive calculation results and justified by hypothesis testing, where there is a unidirectional relationship / influence, between the variables of the influence of Word-of-mouth marketing (X) on consumer decisions on CV. Taxi Service 88 Kotamobagu. So the company is expected to further improve the quality of services. More focus on customer satisfaction. Maintain good name and quality to avoid negative word of mouth.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 29-35


Sequence Stratigraphy of Organic-Rich Rocks in the Niger Delta
Benson Akinbode Olisa and Abiola Adekunle

Abstract: Total organic carbon (TOC) analysis from well logs is combined with sequence analysis to develop a model for marine accumulation of organic-rich rocks in the Niger Delta. Pologbene-001 is selected for the analysis. Four sequences of HTB are recognized. The first is at a depth 9120 (2780m). The second HTB is at depth 9125ft (2781m). The HTB units were recognized by the combined characteristic patterns of gamma ray (GR), resistivity and sonic logs. TOC continuous sampling identified the system tracts, transgressive system tract (TST), lowstand system tract (LST), highstand system tract (HST) and the condensed sections. There are two possible areas for sedimentation, the marine and nearshore environments. The marine is devoid of oxygen whereas the nearshore is oxygenated. The marine sedimentation is recognized geophysically by high resistivity and transit-time whereas the reverse is the case in the nearshore.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 36-45


Stratigraphic subdivision of Tertiary sediments Of Well 1 using total organic carbon (TOC) and gamma ray (GR) log: Case study, the Niger Delta
Benson Akinbode Olisa and Ayomide Samson Ifanegan

Abstract: Traditional methods of stratigraphic subdivision are based on biostratigraphy and well log analyses. The Tertiary Niger Delta is divided into Paleogene and Neogene. When biostratigraphic and well log data are not available, the method of total organic carbon (TOC) and geophysical responses of organic matter might be used. TOC (wt%) is related to gamma ray (API). TOC is first calculated from the GR log. The calculated TOC, GR( TOC) is plotted against depth. Results show that TOC decreases with depth. Miocene section (Neogene) has the highest value of TOC and Eocene (Palaeogene) has the lowest. There is a discontinuity surface between Oligocene and Miocene at 4500ft. This coincides with marker shale Bolivina 27 about 27.1Ma. Between Eocene and Oligocene in Well 1, the discontinuity is at 7100ft. This coincides with marker shale Uvigerinella 8 at about 38Ma.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 46-50


OBSERVATIONS OF THE EFFECTS OF 17α-METHYLTESTOSTERONE (MT) ON THE GONADS, TESTES OF Clarias gariepinus BROODSTOCKS AFTER HORMONE-TREATED FEEDING TRIAL
Robert, E.A.

Abstract: Seven hundred and sixty-five Clarias gariepinus fry were stocked in nine concrete tanks. Stocking density was eighty-five fry per 2 X 2 X 1 metre square tank. Experiment duration for hormone usage was three hundred and sixty-six (366) days. Feeding with the hormone stopped at 366 days and normal feeding without the use of the hormone picked up for another 365 days before findings were carried out. Fry were fed 0.2mm coppens feed mixed with 17α-Methyltestosterone (MT) at 10% of the fish’ body weight from start of the experiment till 6 months and then fed 5% of the fish’ body weight from six months to twelve months. Mean initial weight ranged from 0.049g to 0.06g. Mean final weights ranged from 6.4g to 8.5g. Weights of the gonads ranged from 31.5g to 117.8g for the C50 treatment. Weights of the testes however, ranged from 0.8g to 11.5g also for the C50 treatment. Weights of the gonads for the C100 treatment ranged from 87.2g to 244.4g, while weights of the testes for the C100 treatment were from 3.9g to 18.6g. There were three treatments: C50, C100, C0. Treatments were in triplicates.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 51-59


EFFECTS OF 17α-METHYLTESTOSTERONE (MT) ON THE LIVER OF MALE AND FEMALE Clarias gariepinus BROODSTOCKS AFTER WEANING OFF THE HORMONE-TREATED FEED
Robert, E.A.

Abstract: Clarias gariepinus fry numbering four hundred and fifty, were stocked in nine concrete tanks. Stocking density was fifty fry per 2 X 2 X 1 metre square tank. The duration for the experiment was three hundred and sixty-five (365) days. Feeding with the hormone ended at 365 days from which normal feeding without the use of the hormone commenced for another 365 days. Clarias gariepinus fry were fed 0.2mm coppens feed mixed with 17α-Methyltestosterone (MT) at 10% of the fish’ body weight from start of the experiment until 6 months. Thereafter, fish were fed 5% of the fish’ body weight from age six months to age twelve months. Mean initial weights ranged from 0.053g to 0.065g. Mean final weights ranged from 6.7g to 8.8g. Liver weights for the CLA50 treatments ranged from 3.7g to 8.0g for the male Clarias gariepinus; while the female Clarias gariepinus also in the CLA50 treatment showed liver weights of 4.0g to 12.6g. The CLA100 treatments showed the following weights for the male Clarias gariepinus and the female Clarias gariepinus under the study - 6.6g to 14.2g and 5.9g to 18.2g respectively. There were three treatments under study: CLA50, CLA100, CLA0. Treatments were triplicated.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 60-65


ASSESSMENT ON THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE GROUP ABOUT POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME (PCOS) AND ITS EFFECT ON REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES
Oriji Eunice Ibiye, Ojeka Sunday Ogbu, Zabbey Victor Zigabelbari

Abstract: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) refers to the presence of small, benign and painless cysts in the ovaries, usually manifested clinically by a faction of symptoms and changes in hormonal levels. Despite the fact that its prevalence is global, the knowledge of its etiology and management is still grossly inadequate even among women who are affected in various parts of the world. The study therefore investigated the level of knowledge of women of reproductive age group about polycystic ovarian syndrome and its effect on the reproductive hormones. A sample of ninety-four (94) subjects, consisting of forty-seven (47) PCOS women and forty-seven (47) non-PCOS women with age ranging from 15-50 years was used for the study, to evaluate their knowledge of PCOS and its effect on their reproductive hormones. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. The results showed that PCOS is mainly found among married women within the age of 21 to 30 years. The knowledge of the respondents about PCOS was also found to be very poor with only about 40.43% of them indicating having knowledge about the condition. Finally, PCOS was found to significantly elevate the concentrations of LH and FSH, significantly reduced the concentration of Progesterone, with an insignificant effect on prolactin, with respect to the non-PCOS patients. It was therefore concluded that the women in this study generally have a poor knowledge about the existence of PCOS and that PCOS has the capacity to cause hormonal imbalance.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 66-76


Earthworm as eco treatment tool for removing organic matter pollutant: A synergy between L. rubellus vermiculture farmer and traditional tofu maker in the effort for making zero waste in tofu production
Anna E Persulessy, Ajeng Arum Sari, Yohanes Susanto, Etih Hartati, Rafindra Dwi Putra

Abstract: Earthworms has been chosen as eco tool treatment since their ability to remove organic matter in waste has been reported everywhere. Due to high content of organic matter in tofu liquid waste and relative safe from pesticides and heavy metals contaminant and because of tofu makers release in water bodies without treating, therefore we are interested to study this liquid waste as an alternative food for feeding earthworm. Lumbricus rubellus is rich available in Indonesia and only view studies use this species for dealing with wastewater treatment. L rubellus culture is potential for feeding animal and curing some diseases of human. Every week tofu liquid waste was taken for testing its pH, turbidity, CODcr and BOD5. After third week of studying there was increasing the population and bodies weight of 32% and 7.5% respectively. High efficiency removal of turbidity, CODcr and BOD5 were obtained in reactor that inhabited by L rubellus rather than without having L rubellus. Study shown that L rubellus grows faster in tofu liquid waste rather than another slurry by breaking down high concentration of organic matter in its digestive pathway use their enzymes. L rubellus produces a large number of cocoons, juveniles and granules cast appeared on the top layer of bed reactor which contains a number of organic matter eater-organism and attached as well as growth on the surface of aggregate gravels. There is possibility created between L rubellus culture farmer and tofu makers for taking mutual benefit in term of economic point of view.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 77-95


DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF CERAMIC CANDLE FILTER FROM OHIYA CLAY
Ibeh Matthew Imagwuike, Nwadinobi Princewill Chibundo

Abstract: This study investigates the design and development of Ceramic candle filters from Ohiya clay and their performances to improve the physical quality of drinking water. The ceramic candle filters were produced from Ohiya clay, feldspar, silica and hardwood sawdust mix. The optimal mixing ratio for clay, feldspar and silica in wt% was obtained as 36:30:12 at a firing temperature of 900oC. However, due to the low porosity value obtained, 22wt. % hardwood dust was added which was the most efficient and ideal mix. The water pH, total dissolved solids (TDS) and total suspended solids (TSS) of water sample after filtration were analyzed. In relation with filtration efficiency, 78.3% and 79.2% for the total dissolved solid (TDS) and total suspended solid (TSS) respectively were obtained. The water pH level obtained after filtration was 7.10. The results reveal the ability of the ceramic candle filters made from Ohiya clay as a viable water treatment alternative.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 96-100



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume IX [2021]
October Issue [In Process]
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue


Scirj, Volume VIII [2020]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
Apirl Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue










  © 2020 Scientific Research Journal, US . Malaysia . Australia
Scirj is "refereed" or "peer reviewed" international journal.
All rights reserved.