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Scirj, Volume VIII [2020]
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Scirj Volume VIII, Issue X, October 2020 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Isiakpu, N.S.; Dr Ukwuoma, G.A.; Okpo, Eme; Okpo, N.O.

Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem and one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Ocular complications of diabetes affect every part of the eye, as well as visual functions. The infections of the external eye account for a significant percentage of ocular inflammation, some of which lead to visual loss as a result of corneal involvement. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the Ocular Microbes among Diabetics attending Federal Medical Centre Ebute Metta, Lagos State. The study was a clinic based prospective study carried out on 105 participants. Ocular examinations of the external and internal structures of the participants were performed. Visual acuity was taken using Snellens Visual Acuity Chart. Sterile Cotton Tipped swab was used to swab the conjunctiva and cul-de-sac of each participant. Gram Stain of the isolates from the culture was done to characterize and classify the isolated microbes. Presumptive isolates were stored on slants and biochemical tests were carried out on them for further characterization and identification. The major eye infections among the participants in this study comprised of conjunctivitis 21(38.18%) and stye 12(21.82%) in the experimental group and 24(48.2%) and 12(24.0%) in the control group respectively. Staphylococcus aureus [experimental 31 (56.4%) and control groups 28 (56.0%)] was the most ocular microbes isolated followed by Streptococcus pyogenes [experimental 11 (20.0 %) and control groups 14 (28.0)]. There is no significant relationship between common ocular microbes and eye infections in diabetics in this study. This is shown in the correlation r = – 0.013 at 0.927 level of significance which is greater than 0.05 (r = –0.03 at 0.927, P > 0.05). Ocular microbes in diabetics with eye infections are the same in diabetics without eye infections. Most ocular infections can be caused by the normal flora of the eyes when host immunity is compromised. Hyperglycemia do not predispose di

Reference this Paper: OCULAR MICROBES AMONG DIABETICS ATTENDING FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRE EBUTE METTA, LAGOS by Isiakpu, N.S.; Dr Ukwuoma, G.A.; Okpo, Eme; Okpo, N.O. published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume VIII, Issue X, October 2020 Edition, Page 36-43 ".

Search Terms: Diabetes mellitus, ocular infections, ocular microbes, Hyperglycemia

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