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Scirj Volume III, Issue I, January 2015 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

LINEAR VERSUS EPIDURAL LIGNOCAINE ANESTHESIA FOR CASTRATION IN GOATS

DR. NJOKU UCHECHUKWU NJOKU, DR. ROCK ODIMMA UKAHA, DR. EBERE OBIAGERI ODIRICHUKWU, DR. KELECHI THERESA JEREMIAH, DR. UZUEGBU OLUCHI MARGARET

Abstract: Twelve West African Dwarf bucks were used in the study to evaluate and compare the changes in the physiological parameters, stress response and indices of anaesthesia following linear infiltration of lignocaine and epidural administration of lignocaine. The animals were assigned to three groups of four animals per group. Bucks in groups A and B were administered lignocaine either by linear infiltration along the line of incision for castration, or by epidural injection respectively. The goats were castrated following the anaesthesia. Goats in group C served as the negative control for the experiment. Animals in groups A and B were administered lignocaine at the dose of 4mg/kg. The heart rate, respiratory rate, rectal temperature, blood glucose, onset of analgesia, duration of analgesia, onset of recumbency and duration of recumbency were recorded and analyzed for statistical significance. Following the induction of anaesthesia, the heart and respiratory rates were observed to be significantly (p < 0.05) lower in groups A and B than group C The blood glucose however was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in group A than in group B and C. There was no significant (p ≥ 0.05) difference in the rectal temperature among the groups. The duration of analgesia and recumbency were significantly (p < 0.05) lower in group A than in group B. There was no significant (p ≥ 0.05) difference in the onsets of analgesia and recumbency between the treatment groups. The result of this study is useful in the determination of the anaesthetic procedure to employ in goats. Where long procedures are desired, epidural anaesthesia tends to be preferred because it provides a longer analgesia than the infiltrative method. However, this method is associated with significant changes in the physiological parameters, which may pose severe risks to the patient.

Reference this Paper: LINEAR VERSUS EPIDURAL LIGNOCAINE ANESTHESIA FOR CASTRATION IN GOATS by DR. NJOKU UCHECHUKWU NJOKU, DR. ROCK ODIMMA UKAHA, DR. EBERE OBIAGERI ODIRICHUKWU, DR. KELECHI THERESA JEREMIAH, DR. UZUEGBU OLUCHI MARGARET published at: "Scientific Research Journal (Scirj), Volume III, Issue I, January 2015 Edition, Page 49-54 ".

Search Terms: Goat, Epidural, Infiltration, West Africal Dwarf Goat, Stress, Physiological parameters, Glucose

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