RELATIVE EFFICACY OF ARTESUNATE OR AMODIAQUINE COMBINATION THERAPIES WITH SULPHODOXINE-PYRAMETAMINE IN CHILDREN WITH UNCOMPLICATED PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM MALARIA IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA

Dublin Core

Title

RELATIVE EFFICACY OF ARTESUNATE OR AMODIAQUINE COMBINATION THERAPIES WITH SULPHODOXINE-PYRAMETAMINE IN CHILDREN WITH UNCOMPLICATED PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM MALARIA IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA

Description

The study was carried out in the malaria holo-endemic settlements around Lake-Alau, Borno State, Nigeria between July to December, 2011. The aim was to compare the efficacy of Artesunate + Sulphadoxine-Pyrimethamine (AT+SP) and Amodiaquine + Sulphadoxine-Pyrimethamine (AQ+SP) in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children. A total of 313 children (6-59 months) were screened, using standard protocols for therapeutic efficacy studies on fever and parasitaemia and the results were evaluated using regression analysis. The results obtained indicated that 79.6% of the children were cleared of fever by AT+SP as against 78.3% by AQ+SP on the first 24 hours after treatment and achieved a daily rate of temperature clearance of 0.35 0C and 0.29 0C and daily reduction in febrile children of 22.04% and 21.99% with the respective drugs, within the early follow-up days (0 - 3). The remaining febrile were relieved by day 28 and temperatures normalized to 36.0 0C and 36.7 0C with the respective drugs. The results further revealed that both AT+SP and AQ+SP cleared the bulk of the parasites from 21,738 to 30/µl and 19,953 to 66/µl, respectively within the first three days of follow-up; with proportionate success rates of 85.1, 95.2, 99.0, 99.5, 99.9 and 99.9% and 78.7, 93.4, 98.4, 99.4, 99.6 and 99.7% on days 1, 2, 3, 7, 14 and 28, respectively. These translates to mean parasite clearance time of 28.45 hours and 29.92 hours, with concomitant mean fever clearance time of 29.36 hours and 31.65 hours in AT+SP and AQ+SP, respectively. Regression analysis further revealed that each µl of the blood parasites cleared gave a temperature relief of 0.2071 0C and 0.1714 0C with the respective drugs. These results clearly put the efficacy of AT+SP in fever clearance ahead of AQ+SP in both early and late follow-up days. Based on rapid parasite and fever clearance accompanied by faster PCV (%) recovery and higher frequency of adequate clinical and parasitological response (ACPR) of AT + SP (91.4%) it could be adjudged to be superior to AQ+ SP (84.5%). Therefore, the Artesunate based combination therapy (AT + SP) is recommended for control of P. falciparum malaria in children.

Creator

M. Kokori, M.M. Suleiman, L.S. Kela and Z. S. G., Turaki

Source

Scientific Research Journal
http://www.scirj.org

Publisher

Scirj Volume I, Issue II, September 2013 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796

Date

25/09/3013

Identifier

http://scirj.org/research-journal-0913/paper-0205.php

Citation

M. Kokori, M.M. Suleiman, L.S. Kela and Z. S. G., Turaki , “RELATIVE EFFICACY OF ARTESUNATE OR AMODIAQUINE COMBINATION THERAPIES WITH SULPHODOXINE-PYRAMETAMINE IN CHILDREN WITH UNCOMPLICATED PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM MALARIA IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA,” Scientific Research Journal -> Research Library, accessed August 20, 2018, http://www.scirj.org/rp/items/show/14.

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