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Scirj, Volume V
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume V, Issue X, October 2017 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th October 2017
Full Paper available from: 25th October 2017


AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: IMPACT ANALYSIS FROM NIGERIA
Bosede Olanike AWOYEMI , Babatunde AFOLABI. , Kehinde John AKOMOLAFE

Abstract: This study examined the impact of agricultural productivity on economic growth in Nigeria between the periods of 1981 to 2015. The Johansen cointegration test was employed to determine the existence of long run relationship between agricultural productivity and economic growth. Error Correction Model (ECM) was employed to determine the short run impact of agricultural productivity on economic growth. From the results, it was found that the agricultural labour productivity and agricultural value added were the positive determinants of economic growth. The study concluded that improvement in the performance of the agricultural sector has a significant effect on economic growth in Nigeria. Therefore, the government should encourage labour force participation in the agricultural sector by increasing investment in the agricultural sector.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-7


EFFECTS OF ROASTED TRECULIA AFRICANA AND ARACHIS HYPOGEA SEEDS ON THE LIPID PROFILE OF ADULT ALBINO RATS
Patience Nwonu, Chukwunwike Nwonu, Augustina Amaefula

Abstract: The study investigated the effects of roasted Treculia africana and Arachis hypogea seeds on the triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density and low density lipoproteins of adult female albino rats. This was with a view to determining the lipid lowering activity of the nutritional plants Twenty (20) rats weighing between 140 – 200 g were divided into five (5) groups of four (4) animals each. Group 1 served as control and received growers’ mash only. Groups 2, 3 and 4 received a combination of growers’ mash, Treculia africana and Arachis hypogea seeds while group 5 was administered Arachis hypogea seeds only. Each of the rats received 10 g of the supplements once daily for 28-days. The animals were bled and their sera obtained for triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density and low density lipoproteins assay. The result showed that roasted Treculia africana seeds had no significant reduction in the serum concentrations of triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density and low density lipoproteins of tested animals. However, Arachis hypogea seeds demonstrated a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in the level of serum triglycerides in the tested animals. It had no significant effects on the serum concentrations of total cholesterol, high density and low density lipoproteins. The study, therefore, concluded that roasted Arachis hypogea possesses significant serum hypotriglyceridaemic activity, but lacks activity against total, low and high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Treculia africana on the other hand had no hypolipoproteinaemic activity.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 8-15


EFFECTS OF AUDITOR COMPETENCE, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT ON AUDITORS’ PERFORMANCES AT THE STATE AUDIT AGENCY, IN SOUTH SULAWESI
RAHMAN PURA

Abstract: This study aims to measure the effects of auditor competence, information technology application, understanding of accounting information systems and organizational commitment on auditor performance. This research uses descriptive analytical method, while to test the hypothesis the study used Multiple Regression Analysis. The number of sample surveyed was 76 auditors worked at the Representative Office of the State Audit Agency (BPK) in Makassar, South Sulawesi Province. The results showed that the auditors’ competence, the application of information technology, the understanding of accounting information systems and the organizational commitment have a significant positive effect on the auditors’ performance. Therefore, to improve the auditor performance, these four variables are important to be given serious attention by the State Audit Agency in Makassar, Indonesia.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 16-22


IMPLEMENTATION OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS FOR REAL TIME MONITORING OF OIL AND GAS FLOW RATE METERING INFRASTRUCTURE
Ayuba. John and John. Adomokhai Igimoh

Abstract: This research work described the design and implementation of wireless sensor network for real-time remote monitoring of oil & gas flow rate metering infrastructure. The system maintained a continuous measurement of the flow rate and displayed the result in real time; regardless of where the oil well were located and allowed for inexpensive monitoring of oil and gas processing from wellheads to export terminals to bring transparency, accountability and reduced corruption in the oil and gas industries. It is focused at harnessing the economic opportunities in the oil and gas sector in Nigeria and the world around. The wireless sensor network includes flow sensor, pumping machine, microcontroller, wifi or wireless link and a database server. The pumping machine pumps the oil & gas then a flow rate sensor measured the quantity and communicates the flow rate data in meter cube per second via a wireless link to the database server for further processes. The resulting data is stored on the database server while the continuous flow rate is displayed in real time on the website designed as the human interaction interface through which the quantity of the oil and gas lifted can easily be access in order to know the amount without seeking to collect the data from the several stations manually. The cost-effective indices for reporting the quantity of oil and gas lifting is of significance to any accountable and transparent system, however, manual processes have not been able to do that in real time. As a need for urgent and reliable approach, the approached of a real time provides the most immediate solution; which is the focused of this research work.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 23-35


Do Bank Credits Cause the Financial Crisis in Indonesia?
Edwin Basmar, Muhammad Yunus Zain, Marsuki, Abdul Hamid Paddu

Abstract: This study aims to examine the effect of bank credit to the financial crisis in Indonesia. This research is also to know the influence of credit to growth (GDP) in period 1990 - 2014. The data used is secondary data from Central Bank of Indonesia which processed by using Simultaneous Equation Model. The results of this study found that bank credit is positive and significant in economic growth and financial crisis, while the economic growth does not affect to financial crisis in Indonesia.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 36-38


PHENOTYPIC VARIATIONS IN FRUITS AND SEED TRAITS OF Chrysophyllum albidum IN THREE AGROECOLOGICAL ZONES IN NIGERIA
Okwu, C., Oboho, E.G., Asaah, E.K., , Osazuwa E.S., Igberaese S.O and Tchoundjeu Z

Abstract: Chrysophyllum albidum is a priority indigenous fruit tree in Nigeria with a wide distribution across West Africa. This fruit tree has immense socio-economic, nutritional and medicinal importance. However, it may be under threat due to high consumption of the fruits and seeds and this may have led to serious genetic erosion of the species. This study was designed to assess the extent of phenotypic variation in fruits (mass, length, width) and seed (weight and number) traits in 106 trees. This was further complimented by socioeconomic characterization in three agroecological zones (arid, humid and mangrove). The results from the study indicated that in all the agro-ecological zones, 68.9% of the fruits were collected from naturally regenerated trees. The households own averagely 2 trees which yield an annual average of 126 to 378 kg of the fruits, (of about 42 kg per basket) with a market value ranging from US$ 187 to US$ 562. Phenotypic traits like fruits and seed mass varied continually and significantly (P<0.05) between trees and agroecological zones. Mean fruit and seed mass recorded in the humid zone were 59.5 ± 0.2 g and 6.9 ± 0.2 g respectively, compared to 56.7 ± 0.1 g and 6.5 ± 0.2 g in the mangrove and 56.8 ± 0.2 g and 6.8 ± 0.2 g in the arid zones. The heaviest fruit was from the humid zone (Tree EW/IK/CA/018) with a value of 98 ± 1.5 g; P<0.05 while the lightest fruit was from the arid zone (tree ET/IV/CA/004) with a value of 36 ± 1.7 g; P<0.05). A significant and positive correlation between all fruit traits (P<0.05) was observed with the strongest relationship between fruit mass and fruit width (R2 = 0.76). These results obtained from this study represent the first quantitative assessment of tree-to-tree variation in fruit traits of C. albidum and will help in the development of cultivars through tree domestication techniques, and so promote poverty alleviation and sustainable agriculture in Nigeria and beyond.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 39-50


The Effects of Business Environment, Market Orientation, Strategy, and Product Innovation on Business Performance in the Real Estate in Makassar City
Nur Naninsih , Haris Maupa, Nurdin Brasit, Jusni

Abstract: This study aims to identify and analyze the effects of the business environment directly on strategy and product innovation, to know and analyze the effects of market orientation directly on strategy and product innovation, to know and analyze the influence of the business environment either directly or indirectly through the strategy and product innovation on business performance, knowing and analyzing the effects of market orientation both directly and indirectly through strategy and product innovation on business performance, knowing and analyzing the effects of strategies on business performance, knowing and analyzing the effects of product innovation directly and significantly to business performance Data analysis method using path analysis is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) which is part of inferential statistic. This research uses Partial Least Square (PLS). PLS analysis technique is used to answer the research problem. The data of the research were 168 respondents. The result of this study indicates its significance towards business environment which affects directly toward business strategy and product innovation. Market orientation takes its direct significant towards business strategy and product innovation. Business environment takes its direct affect and significance towards business performance and also significantly through business strategy on business performance. Market orientation takes its direct influence towards business performance through business strategy, while its indirect significance affects through product innovation towards business performance. Business strategy takes its significant affect towards business performance while product innovation takes its direct significance affect towards business performance.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 51-57


Effects of Human Capital, Information Technology and Financial Investment on the Employees’ Performance and Competitiveness of the Banking Industry in Indonesia
YUYUN PIRNGADI , BASRI HASANUDDIN , RAHMATIA, MADRIS DPS

Abstract: This study aims to analyze the effects of human capital, information technology and human resource investment on the employees’ performance and competitiveness of the banking industry in Indonesia. This research is an explanatory or confirmation research, aimed to explain the causality relationship between the above variables through hypothesis testing. Sources of data were from questionnaires distributed to 250 respondents in a Government Bank in Indonesia. The analytical method used is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The study found that out of ten hypotheses tested, there are only four of hypothesis are accepted. These four hypotheses are as follows. First, human capital has significant effects on employees’ performance. Secondly, employees’ performance has significant effect on competitiveness. Thirdly, financial investment has significant effect on competitiveness of banking industry through employees’ performance. Fourthly, human capital affects significantly competitiveness through employees’ performance. However, the information technology was found to be insignificant in affecting the employees’ performance. This finding was different in comparison with the previous studies. Also, it was found that financial investment has no significant effect toward employees’ performance. However, to make the employees’ performance in a better shape, the bank should give serious attention toward employees’ welfare in line with the financial improvement. Finally, given the dramatic changing paradigm of public management (NPM), further research focussing on the development of public sector management on one hand, and the practical importance of public sector business progress in the face of future competition on the other hand are a must.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 58-66


Epidemiology of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in newly diabetic hospital going people and their associated risk factors in Chittagong metropolitan area, Bangladesh
Ahmad M., Sultana P., Matin A., Haque M.M., Akter F. , Rahman M.M.

Abstract: Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are becoming a pandemic disease and it is a leading cause of death and disability in worldwide. To identify the prevalence of both diabetes types 1 and 2 in diabetes hospital going people, a cross-sectional survey based study was conducted from March to July 2017 in different hospitals in Chittagong metropolitan area of Bangladesh. About 3000 participates both male and female of different age groups were including in this study. Capillary blood glucose concentration was measured in two way as fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels and 2-hour after 75 g oral glucose load (OGTT). Height, weight, waist and hip circumferences and blood pressure, mode of diagnosis, educational status and family history were considered. The prevalence of diabetes was found to be 34.37% (1031). Among them type 2 diabetes was 99.61% and type 1 was only 0.39%. Women showed higher prevalence (51.6%) compare to men (48.01%) from total diabetic patients. Increasing age, higher BMI, obesity and hypertension were not significantly risk for type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 67-71



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume V
October Issue [In Process]
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue

Scirj, Volume IV
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue










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