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Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
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Scirj, Volume V [2017]
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume V, Issue XI, November 2017 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th November 2017
Full Paper available from: 25th November 2017


The Changing Face of African Christianity within the Context of Historical and Contemporary Expansionism of Judaism, Christianity and Islam
SOBOYEJO Josephine Olatomi, FATOKUN Samson Adetunji

Abstract: Historical war of the empires, violent religious and political conflicts, and persecutions of religious adherents inaugurate expansionism and enable the spread of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in the world. The expansion of Christianity cannot be discussed without the Western-initiated missionary movement. The explosion of Christianity in twenty-first century Africa is a profound development that has transformed the world’s largest religion. This calls for a paradigm of the hegemonic view that perceives Christianity as a product of imperialist expansion and Africans as passive recipients of the ecclesiastical concept of the western mind. The phenomenon that characterizes African Christianity involves movements that epitomize African creativity with its peculiar character, shape, and form called contextualization. This paper, using critical philosophical analysis and historical methodology examined the role played by the three religions in contemporary expansionism. It also discusses the key contributing factors of the massive growth of the church in Africa. The religions’ roles activate the desire for spiritual, moral, and cultural influence over the entire world. The theologies of the religions’ show God and His Character to the whole world. The African creativity to contextualize Christianity to local aspirations is commendable. But the expansionism of these religions should establish sustainable peace in the world, but the contrary is the case. This paper advocates peaceful co-existence for humanity in the growth of African Christianity.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-8


Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Water Hyacinth Based Composite Briquettes
Okia D.O., Ahmed M.S., Ndiema C.K.

Abstract: Biomass has been used in the last few decades as energy source to mitigate greenhouse gas emission during production and utilization. However, majority of biomass are bulky, uneven and have low energy density and therefore not suitable to be utilized as fuel without an appropriate process. The study was conducted to evaluate combustion and emission characteristics of composite water hyacinth briquette as an alternative source of energy. Water hyacinth was chopped using a shredder and left for two weeks in a heap to partially decompose. The material was thoroughly mixed manually with dried and crushed charcoal dust and cow dung in the ratios as done by Okia et al of water hyacinth,2016: charcoal dust: cow dung of 100:0:0 (control), 80:10:10, 70:20:10, 70:10:20, 60:30:10, 60:20:20 and 60:10:30 (by weight). The resulting material was then mixed into soupy slurry in water. Simple prototype briquetting mold was fabricated to facilitate densification of these residues into hollow cylindrical briquette at a pressure of 1MPa. The experimental results revealed that the mixture that gives optimal combustion characteristics was 60:30:10. Water hyacinth alone (100:00:00) gave the best emission characteristics having 28.51ppm carbon monoxide and 452.80ppm carbon dioxide though ranking third with 13,623 µg/m3 in particulate matter. This study demonstrates that composite water hyacinth briquettes have good combustion and emission characteristics therefore can be utilized as alternative source of energy.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 9-17


THE INFLUENCE OF MARKET TO BOOK VALUE OF EQUITY ON CAPITAL STRUCTURE CHOICE IN NIGERIA
Olanrewaju Isola Fatoki & Tabitha Nasieku PhD

Abstract: The main objective of this study is to examine the influence of market to book value of equity on capital structure choice of firms in Nigeria with the specific aim to confirming if it exhibits any form of reverse causality between financial performance and capital structure choice. The causal research design was adopted while a total of 87 samples was included in the study. Using the General Method of Moment (GMM) estimation technique, the estimated results of the effects of the explanatory variable is statistically significant at all levels of Capital Structure as represented by Total debt ratio, Debt to Equity ratio and Long-term debt to total assets ratio. Based on the significance of these results it was concluded that both the efficiency risk and franchise value hypotheses of the reverse causality hypothesis are observable in the capital structure choice of the non- financial firms in the NSE.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 18-23


Influence of Political Parties, Bureaucracy Authority, Role of Election Supervisory Committee and Community Participation on the Performance of General Elections Commission
Abdul Halil Hi. Ibrahim

Abstract: The community has a very important role in organizing a democratic party such as the Local Leaders Election. The purpose of this research is to improve the performance of general elections commission (KPU) of ternate city in order to make people trust, and it is the role of government to increase the participation of qualified and responsible society in political life. This research uses quantitative approach which is explanatory research. Sampling using proportionate stratified random sampling technique with 460 samples and data analysis with simple and multiple linear regression. The result of the research shows that: (1) Political parties has influence of 49,8% to KPU performance of Ternate City, because political party is a strengthening factor, (2) bureaucracy authority to KPU performance has influence 52,9%, because bureaucratic authority is supporting factor (3) the role of Election Supervisory Committee (Panwaslu) on the performance of Ternate Regency KPU has 72.8% influence, because the role of Panwaslu is the main factor, (4) Public participation on KPU performance of Ternate City has an influence of 54.9%, because community participation is a supporting factor, (5) ) Political parties, bureaucratic authorities, Role of Election Supervisory Committee, and community participation together have a 78.1% influence on the performance of KPU of Ternate City. It needs a legislation that can be the basis for effective and functional political parties growth.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 24-34


The influence of Accounting Information System factors on performance at PT. Bangun Wenang Beverages Company
Denny.I.Y. Rompas, Jufry Rompas, Raymond .F. Rombot

Abstract: The purpose of this research to show the effect of top management support and the ability to use accounting information system on performance at PT. Bangun Wenang Beverages Company Manado. The method used to collect data is by using questionnaire. Data obtained from perception of user of accounting information system, where researcher use questionnaire given to 30 user. The analysis model used is linear regression method. The results of this study indicate that top management support, the ability of the use of accounting information system has a significant positive effect on performance, can be seen on the F-Test 12.158 at a significant level of 0.0000, the independent significant level of 0.608> 0.05.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 35-44


Accounting and Social Justice: A Critical Approach to Indonesia's Constitutional Perspective
Antong Antong , Darwis Said

Abstract: This paper examines the accounting practices of PT Semen Tonasa in the context of power production and resources distribution (profit) with the concept of fair efficiency approach the values in Article 33 of the 1945 Constitution, especially paragraph 4. The results of the study of this chapter to be important to assess the implementation of the concept of fair efficiency conceptually uphold the balance and distribution of top management resources by a business entity. Paragraphs of Article 33 of the 1945 Constitution emphasizes the structure of the state economy, one of which is based on fair efficiency. This structure will then become a conceptual framework for building practical design in the form of accounting practices that prioritizes the efficiency of the use of productive resources processed through the production process and then distributes equitably to the stakeholders. The unification of words in one sentence (fair efficiency) implies that the intended efficiency is not intended to pursue profit maximally but rather to the fair use for the wider interest for the benefit.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 45-53


Geochemical characteristics of the Neoproterozoic Anyaboni sandstone of the southeastern Voltaian Basin, Ghana
Mahamuda Abu , Musah Saeed Zango

Abstract: The current study presents geochemical characteristics of twenty six samples of the Anyaboni sandstones collected from Anyaboni, Apimso, Asesewa and Ayilesu areas of the southeastern Voltaian Basin (VB) of Ghana in order to identify the source, estimate chemical weathering and decipher tectonic settings through discrimination plots. The samples can be grouped broadly into subarkose and sublitharenites with quartzarenite signatures and they are weak to moderately weathered under semi - humid climatic conditions. They are compositionally matured (SiO2/Al2O3 = 16.8 - 58) with higher Th/U (5.8) compared to upper continental crust (UCC). The geochemistry points largely to a felsic source rock with minor influence of mafic rocks similar to the granitic and metasedimentary rocks of the Birimian Group. The tectonic setting is dominantly passive margin with imprints of an active continental margin setting. Cr/V versus Sc/La diagrams can be used to decipher the source of clastic sediments however, not suitable for tectonic settings from the study. The study also identifies that using only geochemical discrimination diagrams has the possibility of giving multiple source/tectonic settings of the same samples hence there is the need to couple geochemical studies with petrographic studies and possibly with the sediments field relations.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 54-65


Gender Differences in Participation and Achievement in the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) in Sierra Leone
Issa Fofana, Mohamed H. Keimbe, Issa B. Fofana

Abstract: This study investigated the differences in participation and achievement in the West African School Certificate examination in the first ten years of its inception for students attempting the examination in Sierra Leone. It is observed that the average female participation in the examination over the period is less than the 35% approx-imated in the 2004 Census data. The numbers for female participation were impressive in the first two years of the period but dropped slightly over the remaining parts. The western area, which hosts the political and commercial capital of the nation had the female participation slightly above the national level. It was observed that there is gen-der difference in participation in almost all the subjects offered in the examination. The female students were significantly more likely than their male counterparts to at-tempt the commercial subjects, whilst more male students offered the Science and Arts subjects.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 66-71


The influence of cyclic feeding regime on the RNA/DNA ratio of the hepatocytes nuclei of young and old rats
Ceasar Dubor Danladi , Nedime Serakinci, Bozkov Anatoli Ivanovich

Abstract: RNA mediates the translation of instructions from DNA into protein. Experimental studies by McCay et al 1935 showed that CR has beneficial effects in longevity, age related diseases, cancer and adaption to stress in rodents. In this study we investigated the effect of CFR a method with CR effects, on the RNA/DNA ratio in the hepatocytes nuclei of 3 months old rats and 20 months old rats. Fasting may enhance health by destroying certain unwanted transcripts and also increasing some that are important, especially those of enzymes involved in some metabolic pathways (Dhahbi et al., 1999) The 3 months old rats results showed an immediate drop to 49% in the RNA/DNA ratio after the first fasting regime as compared to the controls. A further decline to 25% was observed after the first feeding, the second fasting showed an increase to 58% then a subsequent drop to 20% after the second re-feeding. While in 20 months rats a 68% decrease in RNA/DNA ratio was observed after the first fasting period, The fasting- feeding cycle initiated a slight rise to 80% in the DNA/RNA ratio, with a 70% and 77% RNA/DNA ratio following the second fasting and re-feeding cycle.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 72-79


Is Real Exchange Rate of Indonesian Domestic Rupiah to USD Really Affected by Fiscal and Monetary Policy?
Akbar Mandela Arumattulabala Yunus, Muhammad Yunus Zain, Rahmatia, Amanus Khalifah Filardy Yunus, Munawwarah S. Mubarak

Abstract: This study attempts to examine the effect of fiscal and monetary policy on the real exchange rate of Indonesian domestic rupiah (IDR) to USD. The aim of this research is also to know whether the influence of the GDP growth difference between Indonesia and US can be considered to create misalignment on real exchange rate of IDR to USD. The data employed is secondary data from International Financial Statistic-IMF which processed by using Simultaneous Equation Model. The results showed that fiscal policy, i.e., tax received is negative and significant in overvalued real exchange rate (RER) and, on the other hand, government expenditure has positive and significant effect in undervalued RER. However, monetary policy, i.e., money supply (M1) has insignificant effect in overvalued RER, while the GDP growth difference between Indonesia and US is also not affecting to create misalignment of RER.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 80-83


Effects of Teamwork Competency and Leadership Competence through Organizational Commitment on the Performance of the State Owned Enterprises in Makassar City, South Sulawesi
Hasbiyadi

Abstract: This study aims to examine and analyze the effects of (i) the competency of teamwork on company performance; (ii) leadership competence on company performance; (iii) the competency of teamwork through organizational commitment on company performance; (iv) leadership competence through organizational commitment on company performance; and (v) organizational commitment on company performance. This research is an explanatory research that explain causality relationship between teamwork competency, leadership competence, organizational commitment and company performance. The study was conducted at the State Owned Enterprises particularly PT.Perusahaan Listrik Negara (Persero), PT. Pertamina (Persero), PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk. (Persero), and PT. Pelindo IV (Persero) located in Makassar city, South Sulawesi. The number of sample of this study was 250 employees of the above State Own Enterprises. The sample was collected using convenience sampling method. The instrument to collect the data is by using questionnaires. These data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The study found that teamwork competency has a significant positive effect on company performance either directly or through organizational commitment. Leadership competence was also significant in affecting the organizational commitment, but it has no significant effect on company performance. Therefore, teamwork competency is important to be given attention in improving the performance of the state owned enterprises in Makassar city, while leadership competence is useful to improve the organizational commitment of the State Owned enterprises in Makassar city. Thus, much remain to be done by the SOEs uinder surveyed in Makassar city in improving their companies’ performance.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 84-92



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
August Issue [In Process]
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue

Scirj, Volume V [2017]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
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August Issue
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May Issue
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