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Scirj, Volume VI [2019]
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume VII, Issue III, March 2019 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th March 2019
Full Paper available from: 25th March 2019


The Expression of VEGF-A in Maxillary Mucosal Tissue of Mucormycosis Infection on Dental Extraction after Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Fanny Margaretha Laihad, I Ketut Sudiana, M. Guritno S, Sumarno, Sunarjo, Retno Indrawati, Theresia Indah Budhy, Noengki Prameswari, Arya Brahmanta, Eddy Hermanto, Monika Elidasari

Abstract: Mucormycosis is a rare invasive fungal infection, but fatal when it occurs and triggered by tooth extraction, cause damage of the oral mucosa gingival tissue . The aim of this study is to analyze the expression of VEGF-A in maxillary mucosal tissue of mucormycosis infection on dental extraction after Hyperbaric Oxygen (HBO) therapy.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-8


THE NATIONAL SECURITY IMPLIC TIONS OF HERDSMEN/FARMERS CONFLICTS IN KOGI STATE
B. A. Ojomah, S. P. Idakwoji, Y. P. Usman, F. O. Orokpo

Abstract: The conflicts between herdsmen and farmers in different parts of Nigeria are one of the major national discourse in recent times because of the security challenges that are involved. This study was carried out to identify the security implications of these conflicts on Kogi State and the nation at large and suggest possible way forward. Data were generated from primary and secondary sources via interviews and literature search derived from earlier research work by these same authors titled Farmers/Herdsmen Crisis in Kogi State: Security and Developmental Implications. Analyses were qualitatively and quantitatively carried out. Findings reveal gross material, physical and psychological consequences of these conflicts, which suggest that the security implications are alarming. These combine with the existing national security issues facing Nigeria are signs that the country is drifting into a failed state. A policy formulation and implementation that recognizes the role of modernization and political economy to development and good governance are necessary antidotes to this drift.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 9-16


GROWTH, SURVIVAL AND REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS OF Clarias gariepinus BROODSTOCKS FED FEED MIXED WITH 17- α-METHYL TESTOSTERONE (MT) IN STAGNANT CONCRETE SYSTEMS
Robert E.A., Onyeche, V. O., Ovie, S.O., Biyontubo, O., Ekundayo, T. , Offor, C.C.

Abstract: The growth performance, survival and reproductive success of Clarias gariepinus broodstocks were examined as they responded to 17- α-methyl testosterone (MT) and absolute ethanol mixed in their feed in varying levels of 50 mgKg-1 /MT, 100 mgKg-1 /MT and 0 mgKg-1 /MT. These inclusion levels also served as the three treatments TC 50, TC 100, TC 0. A total of 24 Clarias gariepinus broodstocks were stocked in six (6) concrete stagnant systems of 4 (2 males, 2 females) fishes per tank of 2metre by 2metre square, with duplicated treatments of TC 50 and TC 100. Treatment TC 0 was also duplicated, and served as the control, with 4 fishes per tanks (2 males and 2 females). Duration was for ninety (90) days. The mean initial weights were taken as 2.05 ±353.56g for treatment TC 50, 1.60 ±282.84g for treatment TC 100 and 1.65±494.98g for treatment TC 0. Highest mean weight gain of 3.45±2.22g observed in the study was seen in the Clarias gariepinus broodstock tank TC 50. Performance index showed treatment TC 50 performed highest with value 601.85±239.09. Survival rate was high in treatment TC 50 with 50.0±0.00%, higher in treatment TC 0 with 62.50±17.68% and highest in treatment TC 100 with 87.50±17.68%. Condition factor K was greater than 1 throughout the study showing well-being of the fishes; highest in treatment TC 50 at value 7.20. Water quality parameters were at normal ranges throughout the study.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 17-32


Role of lung ultrasound in estimation of extravascular lung water in patients on regular hemodialysis
Nael Samir, Khaled Elkafas , Ahmed Kamal, Ashraf Donia

Abstract: Chest ultrasonography has recently been shown to be useful for the non-invasive assessment of extravascular lung water, Patients on maintenance hemodialysis are characterized by a condition of volume overload, these patients represent a unique model in which volume overload can be evaluated before and after a rapid fluid clearance determined by the dialytic session. Our aim of work was to assess efficacy of lung ultrasound in detecting extravascular lung water and volume over load.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 33-51


GROWTH PERFORMANCE, SERUM BIOCHEMISTRY AND HAEMATOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF BROILERS CHICKEN EXPOSED TO NEEM (Azadirachta indica) AND ALOE VERA (Aloe barbadensis) LEAF EXTRACTS
Ogbu, U. M; Oladunjoye, R. Y.; Okorafor, U.P.; Unigwe, C.R.; Odah, S.I.

Abstract: Poultry production is gradually becoming a stable National economic development and as a protein source. The study explored the potential of A. indica leaf and A. barbadensis gel extracts as supplementary sources of vitamins and minerals in broiler growth performance, haematology and serum biochemistry. One hundred and fifty three (153) day old broiler birds were used. The birds of both sexes were randomly allotted into three treatment groups of 50 birds each, with each treatment replicated thrice in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD); T1= A. indica leaf, T2= A. barbadensis gel extract and T3= underground water. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in the initial weight of the birds. However, results showed that birds exposed to A. indica and A. barbadensis were significantly (p<0.05) different in final body weight and feed conversion ratio. A. indica had the lowest feed conversion ratio (2.29) than the other groups. There were significant differences (p<0.05) in the haematology and serum biochemistry of birds tested for in all the groups. This showed that the level of A. indica and A. barbadensis gel extracts enhanced the growth performance of broiler birds.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 52-65


EVALUATION OF SOIL CORROSIVITY USING ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY METHOD: A CASE STUDY OF PART OF THE UNIVERSITY OF JOS PERMANENT SITE
DAKU S.S., DIYELMAK V.B., OTITOLAIYE O.A. and ABALAKA I.E.

Abstract: Soil resistivity could be influenced by soil moisture and concentrations of ionic soluble salts which is invariably regarded as the most comprehensive indicator of soil corrosivity. Soil corrosivity is a major concern, especially for buried infrastructure that is aging. Also, environmental protection policies now place emphasis on corrosion related issues. In view of this, the electrical resistivity of the soil of the study area were obtained to determine the corrosivity of the soil and its suitability for laying of pipes and other metals. The soil resistivity values were measured using the Wenner’s electrode configuration method. The results showed that profile 1 has resistivity ranging from 60.64 to 707.00 Ωm which indicates a practically non-corrosive to slightly corrosive potential and composed of sandy-clay to clayey sand materials. However, profile 2 has a lower resistivity ranging from 13.13 to 95.36 Ωm indicating a moderately corrosive to slightly corrosive tendencies and could be clayey in composition. Profile 4 has resistivity values ranging from 8.55 to 199.16 Ωm which reveals that the soil has a tendency to be either moderately, slightly, strongly or practically non-corrosive and this could be because of the presence of clay materials as well as nonuniformity in the composition of the soil types in this area. On the other hand, Profile 4 resistivity ranges from 15.35 to 127.31 Ωm which shows a moderately corrosive to slightly corrosive tendencies and characterized by clayey to sandy clay soils. The study area could be regarded as potentially noncorrosive, moderately corrosive and slightly corrosive.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 66-76


INVESTIGATION OF RAINWATER HARVESTED FROM DIFFERENT PARTS OF BENIN METROPOLIS, EDO STATE, NIGERIA
Imhontu, M.U.; Ukpebor, E.E.; Biose, O.

Abstract: The paper investigates trace metal concentration in rainwater from four locations namely: New Benin, Ring Road, University of Benin Campus and Oluku areas all situated in Benin Metropolis of Edo State, Nigeria. PerkinElmer Optima 5300DV inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was utilised for chemical analysis of Aluminium, Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium, Sodium, Silicon, Tin, Strontium, Boron and Sulphur. The results of conductivity range of 5.65-83.15 μScm-1 and mean pH range of 5.47-6.76 obtained from rainwater samples establishes that some of the samples could be termed as acid rain. Calcium, Potassium, Sodium and Sulphur had a mean concentration of trace metal which was measured to be greater than 100 µg/L; concentrations of Aluminium and Magnesium were between 1-100 µg/L while Silicon and Strontium were found to be below detection limit. This study therefore reveals that the rainwater samples collected at New Benin and Ring Road were found to record the highest contamination of trace metal concentration as compared to other sampling sites.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 77-84


THE STATE, POLICIES AND CATTLE RUSTLING
Ali S. Barilla, Kuden Plang I. Sharpspear & John Isaac

Abstract: The paper assesses cattle rustling in relation to social contract, policies and the state. It looks at the causes of cattle rustling and the different policy actions of some states pertaining curtailing the menace. Social contract theory as propounded by Jean Jacque Rousseau was utilized in the explanation of the work. The work expounded that some states are more serious than others in terms of human security most especially in the area of curtailing organised crimes like cattle rustling which in turn earn the state more legitimacy from the citizenry, and it also signifies that those state are operating in line or are making necessary efforts through their policy actions to keep to the terms of the social contract pact made in the state of nature by the state and the citizens. Data used in the paper were sourced using secondary means which form the bases of the method used in the work. Different literature were accessed and assessed and the paper was critiqued, meanwhile the conclusion of the paper posits that the social contract pact should be revisited to serve its original function in the state between the state and the citizens so as to earn legitimacy, policies should be problem solving in their entire inclination when ever they are formulated and implemented in such a way that will guarantee the protection of life and property of the citizenry which will further keep the state existing in line with the terms of the social contract pact hitherto.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 85-99



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Scirj, Volume VI [2019]
April Issue [In Process]
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue

Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
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May Issue
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