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Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume VI, Issue III, March 2018 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th March 2018
Full Paper available from: 25th March 2018


Quality Control Production Process of Wheat Flour at PT. Eastern Pearl Flour Mills Makassar
Farhanah Ramdhani Sumardi, Sumardi

Abstract: This study aim was to test the consistency of wheat flour production process, level of Deffect Per Million Opportunity or DPMO and Sigma level from wheat flour production process especially Dua Pedang product at PT. Eastern Pearl Flour Mills Makassar. The data used in this study consisted of primary data and secondary data both qualitatively and quantitatively related to wheat flour production process. Primary data were obtained through direct observation and interviews with various interested parties. Secondary data were obtained from the documents or reports related to production process through 100 sample testing of the products during January – March 2017. The results of this study indicates that wheat flour production process for Dua Pedang have not been fully consistent because of one of the four Critical to Quality (CTQ) in this case ash, there are seventy nine of 100 sample points out of control chart. So also the results of DPMO and Sigma have not fully perfect, as seen in the following research figures; moisture content totaling 0,000205 DPMO with the rate of 6 Sigma, protein content totaling 18610 DPMO with the rate of 3,58 Sigma, ash content totaling 500000 DPMO with the rate of 1,50 Sigma and wet gluten content totaling 5892 DPMO with the rate of 4,02 Sigma.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-9


FISHERMAN EMPOWERMENT ANALYSIS IN SUB-DISTRICT BELANG SOUTHEAST MINAHASA DISTRICT - NORTH SULAWESI INDONESIA
Leavy. R. Pandey

Abstract: The purpose of this research, to determine how the implementation of fishermen empowerment, and to identify factors that hinder the implementation of empowerment of fishermen in Belang sub-district. This research uses qualitative approach and descriptive method, the informant is determined by purposive as many as forty five fishermen from three villages, but only forty four informants / respondents collected. Data and information are collected using interview, observation, and documentation techniques, as well as questionnaire instruments. Out of forty-four people, 10 in-depth interviews, including the Sub-district head Belang. Data were analyzed descriptively through data reduction stages, data presentation, and conclusions. The results showed that the factors that hampered the implementation of coastal community empowerment in Belang sub-district, including obstacles for the development of fishermen business, consisted of low levels of formal education, inadequate skills in managing businesses, less time-honoring culture, still low, the fishing area is relatively far from the beach, and bad weather in certain months. Furthermore, the implementation of the empowerment of fishermen, should be prioritized the work, as fishermen can arrange, and determine the timelines of the implementation of empowerment programs, especially training activities, in accordance with the leisure time of the fishermen, and the government needs to redesign the coastal community empowerment program with other partners, the coastal villages, and the representation of the fishing communities themselves, so that it can give birth to a beneficial empowerment scheme, of course, can overcome the problems of coastal communities, especially small-scale fishermen.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 10-19


SUITABILITY OF BIOCEMENT PRODUCED BY ISOLATED MICRO-ORGANISMS AS A CEMENTING MATERIAL IN MORTAR
Amos N. G, Datok E.P, Dakas A.I.I and Kutshik R.

Abstract: This research aimed at partial replacement of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) with biocement obtained from biocementation processes induced by microorganisms for production of mortar. Urease positive bacteria were identified, cultured and feed into solutions containing a sterile mix of CaCl2 (0.75M) and urea (1M); 50 litres of this was produced. Mortar prisms of 40 mm x 40 mm x 160 mm were cast using a mix ratio of cement to sand of 1:3. A total of 54 prisms were cast and cured in water for 7, 21 and 28 days. OPC was replaced by biocement containing 20% pulverized fired clay at 10, 20, 30 and 50%. Bacillus Licheniformis isolated from bovine faeces was identified as urease positive micro-organism suitable for calcite precipitation producing at a rate of approximately 0.67g/hour. Results revealed that bacteria cells increased the compressive strength of mortar by 20% and the combined effect of bacteria cells, pulverized fired clay and biocement increased the compressive strength by 43.6% at 10% replacement. It was generally concluded that bacillus Licheniformis can precipitate CaCO3 through urea hydrolysis and bacteria cells as well as biocement containing 20% pulverized fired clay at 10 and 20% partial replacement increased the compressive strength of mortar, therefore suitable for mortar production where design compressive strength are desired.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 20-27


THE INFLUENCE OF PARTNERING SUCCESS LEVEL WITH THE BENEFITS OF PARTNERSHIP IN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT IN MALUKU PROVINCE
Lilian Sonya Loppies, Fransiska Natalia Ralahallo

Abstract: This study aims to test whether the Partnering success level have an influence on the benefits of partnership. This research was conducted in the Province of Maluku, the respondents are the parties involved in construction projects of the client / owner of the project (services in the Province of Maluku), construction companies and consulting firms. Sampling technique was purposive sampling, in which there are two criteria must be met is for project owners are agencies that have construction projects in the year 2016 until this study was conducted, to contractor companies and consulting firms is the company that handles the project from agencies construction project owners, and the second criterion is the contractor companies and consulting firms must have a minimum working experience of 5 years. This research is a survey research using a questionnaire, which use a questionnaire divided in two ways namely direct and distribute the mailing survey. The questionnaire used Likert scale 1-5. Questionnaires distributed numbered 200, which returned as much as 195 and a decent used to analyze as many as 193. Data analysis to test the hypothesis using an alternative method of SEM is PLS.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 28-35


THE BURNOUT ANTECEDENT MODEL EXTENSION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES TO THE LECTURER JOB SATISFACTION LEVEL IN PRIVATE COLLEGES, AMBON
Eduard Yohannis Tamaela, Herman Surijadi

Abstract: This study aims to examine and to analyze about the effect of role conflict, work overload and intrinsic motivation against burn-out, the effect of role conflict, intrinsic motivation, work overload and burn-out against the level of job satisfaction, and whether intrinsic motivation affects directly to the role conflict or not. This research includes explanatory research conducted in six (6) private colleges (PTS) in Ambon with quantitative method (survey). Using questionnaires as instrument for data collection and probability sampling method and multistage cluster sampling technique to select samples, we obtained samples of 102 lecturers. The results of hypothesis testing through confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis showed that; intrinsic and motivation overload of work proved significant effect on burn-out while a conflict does not affect the role of burn-out. Other results showed that intrinsic motivation, conflict role and work burn-out proved significant effect on the level of job satisfaction while work overload does not affect the level of job satisfaction. Moreover, motivation intrinsic has proved significant influence to the role conflict.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 36-60


Poverty Based on Earning Stratum: A New Dimension for Poverty Analysis in Sri Lanka
Seetha P.B. Ranathunga

Abstract: The poverty headcount ratio shows the number of people below the poverty line, who represent the most vulnerable sector of the population. However, the number of people marginally above the poverty line is also very important because these people are at risk of slipping back into poverty and this segment of the population is highly vulnerable to economic shocks. Thus, this study focuses on both of these population groups by taking 10 per cent sample around the national poverty line in Sri Lanka. The HIES data 2006/7 has been used for this analysis. Results confirm that there are no purely agricultural households in extreme poverty, as most agricultural households are diversified in their sources of income. Thus, the highest poverty rate in the country is found in this diversified income group and also poor households in Sri Lanka mostly depend on unskilled wage labour, followed by transfers. However the highest poverty elasticity was observed in the agricultural stratum under the $2/day poverty line.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 61-68


ANTI-ANXIETY ACTIVITIES OF THE AQUEOUS AND METHANOL EXTRACTS OF ALCHORNEA LAXIFLORA IN ALBINO MICE
Chukwunwike Nwonu, Olapade Ilesanmi, Joseph Agbedahunsi, Patience Nwonu

Abstract: The study investigated the effects of the aqueous and methanol extracts of Alchornea laxiflora on two mouse models of anxiety, the elevated plus-maze and the staircase. This was with a view to providing information on the anxiolytic potential of A. laxiflora. Seven (7) groups of mice of both sexes (n=6) weighing 18 – 22 g were used for the study, which were randomized into control and the test groups. The control group (I) received 10 % Tween 80 (vehicle), 0.1 ml/10 g mouse, p.o. while the test groups (II,III,IV,V,VI) were administered graded doses (100, 200, 400, 800, 1600 mg/kg, p.o.) of the extracts. The reference group (VII) received standard drug, Diazepam (1 mg/kg, i.p.). The animals were observed for exploratory activity in the open and the close arms of the elevated plus-maze. The animals were also observed for rearing and steps-climbing of the staircase model. They were appropriately scored in the elevated plus-maze and the staircase paradigms individually 30 and 60 min post intra-peritoneal and oral administrations respectively for both the aqueous and the methanol extracts. The extracts demonstrated anxiolytic activity in the elevated plus-maze test, by the increase in the percentage entry into open arms, increase in the percentage time spent in the open arms, significant (P = 0.000) increase in the time spent in the open arms and a decrease in the index of open arm avoidance. In the staircase model, there was a significant (P = 0.000) decrease in rearing and a significant (P = 0.000) increase in the number of steps-climbing. The study concluded that the aqueous and the methanol extracts of A. laxiflora have anti-anxiety activities in mice.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 69-77


INSTITUTIONAL LAND MASTERY ROTATING, PATTERN OF PURCHASE RIGHT LAND TENURE
Nurdin Mappa, Darmawan Salman, Ahmad Ramadhan Siregar, Muhammad Arsyad

Abstract: Land Tenure is very important for sustainable farming. Farmers in land tenure have different institutions. Tenure of land there are two namely permanently and in the rotation. In general, land tenure institutions in Indonesia regulate land tenure permanently, but there is also a regulation land tenure not permanently institution. The objective of this research is to analyze the characteristic of rotating land ownership, the pattern of land right buying. The study used case study method, with case unit of a sub-district in Gowa District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The result of research shows that the characteristics of land ownership of rotating land ownership pattern are: : (1) Land tenure is derived from the purchase of land tenure; (2) rotation pattern has been formed, so the buyer just follow the existing pattern; (3) The managers involved are not based on the family; (4) Land may be sold if all land tenure rights have been purchased; (5) The relationship between land managers is based on the market; (6) the rule of the game of the land ownership tenure pattern of land tenure purchase arrangements, has made the land scale fixed, because the land cannot experience fragmentation, even though the tenure rights have been sold.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 78-82


Anthropometric Assessment of Cephalic Indices among Adults of Efik Ethnic Group of Cross River State, Nigeria
ORIA Rademene S. , OBIM Obim N., UDE Raymond A., ORDU Victor C.

Abstract: Cephalic index has been of massive importance to the anatomist, anthropologist and even to the forensic scientist in determination of head shapes and also for medico-legal cases. This research was aimed at studying the cephalic parameters of the Efiks of Cross River State. Five hundred (500) subjects (250 males and 250 females) of age range 18-45years were recruited for this study. Cephalic measurements which include head length and head width were done using a spreading calliper, whereas the cephalic index was obtained as the ratio of head width and head length multiplied by 100. The results revealed that mean head width for male and female individuals of Efik ethnic group was 14.66 ± 0.13cm and 14.15 ± 0.12cm respectively, whereas their head lengths were 18.11 ± 0.11cm and 17.94 ± 0.09cm respectively. More so, the mean cephalic index for male was 81.58 ± 1.12 and for female it was 79.23 ± 0.88. Statistical analysis revealed that the difference in cephalic index between male and female subjects was not significant at p<0.05 using t-Test. Also, in males brachycephalic (broad head) head shape had the highest frequency whereas, in female mesocephalic (moderate head) head shape was predominant. Overall, Brachycephalic head type was predominant in the Efiks. This study will be of immense importance to anatomists for comparison of cephalic indices, to the anthropologists for racial head shape classification and forensic scientists in medico-legal cases.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 83-88


AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BEHAVIOUR OF BINARY AND TERNARY BLENDS OF BINDING MATERIALS IN CONCRETE
DATOK E. P, ISHAYA A. A, BULUS A. D & AMOS N. G

Abstract: This research investigated the influence of introducing binary and ternary blends of binding materials on the properties of concrete. Calcium hydroxide is one of the hydration products of cement which creates a weak link in concrete, thereby affecting the durability properties of the concrete. Supplementary Cementitious Materials have been known to react with the deleterious calcium hydroxide to create additional beneficial Calcium Silicate Hydrate, which is the main cementing component in concrete. Supplementary Cementitious Materials reduce the quantity of lime and increase the quantity of the Calcium Silicate Hydrate. The cementing quality is enhanced if a good pozzolanic material is blended in suitable quantity with Portland cement. A standard mix proportion of 1:2:4 and water cement ratio of 0.65 was adopted for all the concrete mixes. A total of 36 cubes of 150mm x 150mm x 150mm were cast with 20% OPC/AHA and 10% OPC/CCA binary blended cement concrete, 36 with OPC/AHA/CCA ternary blended cement concrete at percentage OPC replacement of 5%, 10%, and 15% were crushed to obtain the compressive strengths at 7, 21, 28, and 56 days of curing, 18 beams were also produced and tested for flexural strength. The 7 – 21 day compressive strength of 20% OPC/AHA binary blended concrete were found to be much higher than the control values; the compressive strength for 28 -56 days were slightly lower than the control values. The 10% OPC/CCA attained the highest compressive strength of 24.50N/mm2 at 56 days of curing. The 56 day compressive strengths obtained from the ternary blended cement concrete with equal quantities of AHA and CCA were 25.60 N/mm2 for 5% replacement, 19.50 N/mm2 for 10% replacement, 17.00 N/mm2 for 15% replacement while the value for the control was 26.80 N/mm2.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 89-97



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
August Issue [In Process]
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue

Scirj, Volume V [2017]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
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