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Scirj, Volume IX [2021]
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume IX, Issue VI, June 2021 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th June 2021
Full Paper available from: 25th June 2021


Prevailing methods of controlling weevils among kolanut traders of South-West Nigeria
R. T. Olorunmota, E. U. Asogwa, A. V. Oyedokun, B. A.Ogundeji, O. A. Orimogunje, E.E.O Agbebaku and K. O. Oyeledun

Abstract: The problem posed by insect pests of kola nut in storage is a major one. Thus, various control measures are employed by kola nut traders to combat the growing menace. A field survey was conducted to assess the prevailing methods of weevil control among kola nut traders in southwestern Nigeria. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data on personal characteristics of respondents, kola weevil control methods employed and the perceived effectiveness. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that 95% of traders were female, 56.67% were above 50 years with the mean age at 53.25. Most of the respondents (82.5%) lack formal education while the remaining (17.5%) had primary school education. Of the respondents 80% were married with most (62.5%) trading exclusively with kola nut while others (37.5%) also added bitter kola. Most of the respondents (95%) identified Balanogastris kolae as the weevil attacking kola nuts storage while others identified Sophorhinus species also. Majority of the respondents (83%) adopted the use of Aluminium phosphide (purchased from hawkers in the market) in controlling weevils during kola storage. Some store kola nuts for as long as a year before selling it, thus re-application of chemical is done to keep the nuts weevil-free. Re-infestation after treatment is low and majority disposed weevil-infested kola nuts at a cheaper rate, causing economic loss. Though traders use recommended chemicals, there is the need to provide safer alternatives due to high level of illiteracy among kola traders which could cause wrong use of the chemicals. Government agencies should check sources of chemical supplies to kola nut traders and train them on proper usage.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-10


Socio-economic determinants of production and consumption of African Indigenous Vegetables in Kakuma refugee camp and Kakuma town, Kenya
Stephen Kahara, Losenge Turoop and Eucabeth Majiwa

Abstract: African Indigenous Vegetables remain important in the food system due to their relative importance in providing nutritious food for the rural and urban population. AIVs contain high micronutrients such as carotene, iron, calcium, magnesium and vitamins important for proper body functioning hence contributing to food security and nutrition especially in resource-poor households. AIVs have low input requirements and can adapt to many agro-ecological zones. Despite their importance, the production and consumption of AIVs are progressively declining in Kenya. Further, AIVs remain less exploited, especially in the arid and semi-arid areas. It is on this backdrop that this study assessed the socio-economic determinants of production and utilization of AIVs in the Kakuma refugee camp and its environs. Using a descriptive survey design, the study collected data from 172 farmers from Kakuma Refugee Camp and Kakuma Town. Both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were used to obtain frequencies, mean, chi-square test and a linear regression model to assess socio-economic determinants of production and consumption of AIVs. The results indicated that the main AIVs produced and consumed in Kakuma town and refugee camp were Amaranths, Cowpea and Jute mallow. The country of origin, marital status and age of the household head significantly influenced the production of AIVs. Further, land ownership, communal farming and awareness creation by self-help groups and preferences of AIVs to exotic vegetables had a significant relationship with the production and consumption of AIVs. Income generation was a motivating factor for producing AIVs. Since age and the country of origin influenced the production and consumption of AIVs, the study recommends that there is a need for people to adopt a culture of producing and consuming more AIVs to promote production of AIVs.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 11-33


Training Needs Assessment of Health Care Workers attached to Healthy Lifestyle Centers in Sri Lanka
Vindya Kumarapeli, Sinha De Silva, Uthpala Muhandiram, Nimani de Lanerolle, Dhanushka Abeygunathilaka, Casthuri Kandasamy, Chithramali Rodrigo

Abstract: NCD screening and lifestyle modification counselling services are delivered through the network of healthy lifestyle centers (HLC) situated across Sri Lanka. Medical Officers (MO), Public Health Nursing Officers (PHNO), Nursing Officers (NO), and other categories provide their services at HLCs. The aim of this study was to identify the training needs of these healthcare workers (HCW).
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 34-41


THE EFFECT OF JOB DESIGN AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT ON JOB SATISFACTION AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENTS OF PERSONNEL AT DIRECTORATE OF SAMAPTA REGIONAL POLICE OF WEST NUSA TENGGARA
Rina Yulianingsih , Lalu Suparman, Mukmin Suryatni

Abstract: The aims of this research are: (1) To analyze the significance of the influence of Job Design on Job Satisfaction. (2) To analyze the significance of the influence of Career Development on Job Satisfaction. (3) To analyze the significance of the effect of the Job Design on Organizational Commitment. (4) To analyze the significance of the influence of Career Development on Organizational Commitment. (5) To analyze the significance of the effect of Job Satisfaction on Organizational Commitment. The type of research is causal associative. The data collection method uses a census. Respondents in this study were 95 Personnel at the Directorate of Samapta Regional Police of West Nusa Tenggara. The data collection tool used in this study was a questionnaire. Data analysis tool using SEM-PLS analysis. The conclusions that can be drawn are (1) Job Design has a positive and significant effect on Organizational Commitment. (2) Career Development has a positive and significant effect on Organizational Commitment. (3) Job Design has a positive but insignificant effect on Job Satisfaction. (4) Career Development has a positive and significant effect on Job Satisfaction. (5) Job Satisfaction has a positive and significant effect on the Organizational Commitment of Personnel.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 42-51


Analysis of Causes and Effects on Social and Economic Conditions in Southeastern Coastal Belt of Sri Lanka
S.H.A. Ashraff

Abstract: The study area has a coastline of 48 km, with abundant natural resources supporting many livelihoods. Lagoons, rivers, bays, dunes, mangroves, estuaries, rocky shores, salt marshes, tidal flats, beaches, spits, estuaries, coral reefs and seagrasses are important habitats found along its coastline. The long coastline in the study area is one among the spots where active deposition is taken place. Because of its abundant natural resources and consequent social and economic benefits, the Sri Lankan coastal zone has experienced immense development and urbanization over the decades. Approximately 11.3 million people live in coastal districts while 61.6% of all industries operate in the coastal region. This calls for sustainable management of the coastal zone to ensure resources are not exploited beyond regeneration and habitats are not degraded or destroyed. Since the end of three decades of old civil war which increased the vulnerability of the people to the 2004-Tsunami natural disaster, this study area has been in daring need of inclusive development activities with a wide range of participation of multi-stakeholders including civil societies, to move towards growth while recovering from the devastation.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 52-58



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume IX [2021]
August Issue [In Process]
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue


Scirj, Volume VIII [2020]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
Apirl Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue










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