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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume V, Issue VI, June 2017 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th June 2017
Full Paper available from: 25th June 2017


THE INSTRUMENTALITY OF PHILOSOPHY TO PEACE OF MIND
Charles C. Nweke, Chukwugozie Donatus Nwoye

Abstract: It is the considered opinion of this paper that the ultimate aim of man knowingly or unwittingly is peace of mind. All life endeavours in terms of different occupations and the means of achieving them are all geared towards this goal though somewhat hidden or unknown to many. Arguably, life ambitions and the means of arriving at them are all pivoted on the peace of mind for their success. In this piece, the researchers are out to show how philosophy, primarily, is tailored naturally for creating peace of mind.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-9


FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR AND EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE WITH LOCAL CULTURE MODERATION ”PELA GANDONG”
Elsina Huberta Aponno, Nurdin Brasit, Muh. Idrus Taba, Muhammad Yunus Amar

Abstract: This study aims to analyze the factors that influence OCB and employee’s performance with moderation of local heritage pela gandong culture. The population is the employees of the banking industry in Ambon City, Maluku province, Indonesia with amount of sample which are 187. To analyze the data, the researcher using structural equation model with the help of lisrel software. The results showed that: 1) personality had positive and significant effect on OCB, 2) transformational leadership had negative and significant effect on OCB, 3) organizational justice had positive and significant effect on OCB, 4) personality had no significant effect on employee performance, 5) transformational leadership has positive and significant impact on employee performance, 6) organizational fairness has no significant effect on employee performance, 7) OCB has positive and significant effect on employee performance, 8) There is indirect positive influence between personality and employee performance through OCB, 9) There are indirect negative effects between transformational leadership and employee performance through OCB, 10) There is an indirect positive influence between organizational fairness and employee performance through OCB, 11) local culture of pela gandong strengthens personality relationship with OCB, 12) local culture pela gandong does not affect transformational leadership relationships with OCB, 13) local culture pela gandong weakens the relationship of organizational justice with OCB.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 11-26


Auditor Ethical Decision Making
Yakobus Kaditti Bangun, Marselinus Asri

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the influence: financial information for the making of ethical decision, ethical ideologies, ethical climate, professional ethics, and commitment to the profession. The research data obtained through a survey method to the auditor on Public Accountant Firm and Analysis of data using the IBMSPSS program with a simple regression test and test Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). The results of statistical tests indicate that the sixth hypothesis is accepted. Financial information has a positive and significant impact on ethical decision-making auditor. However, the effect is small and a set of other factors not included in the model. These five variables moderation, strengthen the influence of financial information to the auditor's ethical decision-making. However, the effect is small and a set of other factors. The research findings show a variable moderating influence ethical idealism is more variable than other woods moderation. Auditor in ethical decision making, unable to put aside personal interests, while able to take difficult decisions in accordance with ethical values, norms that apply without fear of losing a job as an auditor.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 27-45


INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITIES OF SOME PLANT EXTRACTS AGAINST BOOK DESTROYING TERMITES
Ndukwe O.K.; Ukpabi C. F., Okpara O.; Nwachukwu I.; Ihemama C.A.

Abstract: A study of efficacy of some botanicals for the control of termites affecting book in Abia State Polytechnic library was carried out in the Biology/Microbiology laboratory of the institution. The botanicals used are Eupatorium odoratum, Lycopersicon esculentum, Gongronema latifolium leaves and Citrus sinesis epicarp with ethanol and water as the extracting medium. After 2 hours of application of treatments, Eupartorium odoratum leaves had the highest mortality followed by Citrus epicarp at 5 % level of application table 1. After 6 hours of application, Eupartorium odoratium leaves still recorded the highest level of mortality. The results of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the botanical treated books against the termites indicate that at 25% concentration the rate of destruction by the termites for the paper treated ethanolic extract ranged from 5.53 ± 0.15d (Eupatorium odoratum) – 13.47 ± 0.06a (Lycpersicon esculentum) while that of aqueous extract ranged from 8.73 ± 0.06d in Eupartorium odoratum - 16.33 ± 0.15a (Lycpersicon esculentum) tables 3 and 4. In all the concentrations Eupartorium odoratium with least significant difference showed more potency followed by Citrus epicarp while Lycopersicon esculentum with highest significance difference in all concentrations showed least potency. It is evident from these results that extracts did pose a hindrance to activities of the termites. That efficacy of bio-pesticides was also shown to increase with increased rate of application time and period of exposure to the target pests.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 46-51


Efficiency in Social Business Operations: Comparison between Grameen Bank and ASA
Abdullah Mohammad Sharif , Samia Islam

Abstract: Advancement in socio economic condition of a country is very important for the people living therein. Initiatives by government and organization are crucial here. Bangladesh being a developing country has got huge attention of the whole world in this respect. Individual and organizational actions can change the course of life of people of a country. In Bangladesh there are several organizations that work for the social and economic development of individuals. Grameen Bank and ASA are two such organizations. The study aims to compare efficiency of the organization in term of business portfolio, outreach operation, number of members and financial ratios. Mainly secondary information from annual report was used. It was found that business portfolio of ASA is more diversified than Grameen Bank while operating expense ratio and portfolio at risk ratio of the organizations is quite similar. Grameen Bank has a falling ROE whereas ASA has an increasing ROE. ASA is improving rapidly in amount of loan disbursed but slowly in portfolio per loan officers. Total number of Grameen Bank’s branches is less than ASA but members are more. It is required that Grameen diversifies their portfolio and concentrates more on increasing their operations through more branches.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 52-60


The Effect of Personality, Ability, Organizational Support, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment towards Lecturer Performance of Private University in Gorontalo
Darman, Djabir Hamzah, Muhammad Idrus Taba, Ria Mardiana Yusuf

Abstract: This study aims to analyze and describe: direct and indirect influence of the personality, ability and organizational support towards performance through job satisfaction and organizational commitment. This study is an explanatory research. The sample of the study were 210 people. Method of analysis used is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The result showed that personality had not significant positive effect towards performance, either directly or mediated by job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Ability has significant positive effect on the lecturer performance directly, but not significantly towards lecturer performance mediated by job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Organizational support has a not significantly positive effect towards lecturer performance either directly or mediated by job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Job satisfaction has not significant positive effect on performance either directly or mediated by organizational commitment and has a positive significant effect towards organizational commitment. Organizational commitment has not significant positive effect to lecturer performance.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 61-70


The Influence of Service Quality Dimensions, Destination Image and Satisfaction to Tourist Loyalty in Maluku Province
Zany Irayati Aunalal, Abd. Rahman Kadir, Muh. Idrus Taba, Nurdjanah Hamid

Abstract: The problem described in this research was to identify which factor influenced the destination loyalty of tourist in Maluku Province, Indonesia. The objective was to identify the factors were proposing a costumer behavior theory included of service quality dimension, satisfaction, loyalty concept and the destination image concept. The research method used in this research was quantitative method. Survey method using questionnaire instrument will be used to obtain the primary data. A total sample of 528 tourists in visiting Maluku Province. The method of data analysis used was Partial Least Square (PLS) with SmartPLS 3.0 software version. This study found that the destination image and the tourist satisfaction had a positive significant effect on destination loyalty. The analysis result shown that based on the value of t-statistic test, and then there were 8 (eight) hypothesis were supported or accepted. While the 4 (four) hypothesis were not supported or rejected. The dimensions of service quality including reliability, empathy and responsiveness gave empirical supporting to the destination image. The destination Image gave a strong significant and positive effect on loyalty destination and provided empirical support to H6. The tourist satisfaction rating gave a significant and positive impact on loyalty destinations and providing empirical support for H7.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 71-85


IMPLEMENTATION CHOICE OF LAW PRINCIPLES IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE CONTRACTS CONNECTED WITH PUBLIC ORDER IN INDONESIA
Fauzie Yusuf Hasibuan

Abstract: Indonesian treaty law gives to parties who will enter into agreements of all terms and conditions applicable to the parties, with all breadth and freedom. This is called as the principle of freedom of the parties. The restriction that applies to the parties is simply not to violate the principles of public order. As a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Indonesia is obliged to take an active role in realizing a fair and mutually beneficial world trade order. One of the efforts to realize the world trade order is done by stipulating the requirements and procedures for the imposition of Antidumping Import Duty, Import Duty and Import Duty of Safeguard Measures and its handling, and enforcement of several principles in international trade system. This paper, using the available references advanced in the literature, aims briefly to discuss the implementation choice of law principles in the formation of international contracts associated with public order. This study suggests the following notes. The first is to limit the application of foreign law in certain respects. The second is to deter freedom of autonomy rights of the parties in determining the enactment of the law in their contracts. The third is to restrict the entry into force of foreign legal stelsel which is inconsistent with the legal styles of the judge adjudicating the parties' disputes. The fourth is to protection the use of the autonomy of the parties' right to an extremely large choice of law. Thus, many improvements need to be done to make the formation of international contracts in a better shape.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 86-94


Effects of Empowerment on Professionalism and Performance of Lecturers at Private Universities in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Muhammad Hamzah Idris, Djabir Hamzah , Indrianti Sudirman and Nurjannah Hamid

Abstract: This study aims to examine and analyze the effects of empowerment on the profesionalims and the performance of lecturers at the private universities in Makassar, South Sulawesi. The method used to examine the above objective is by using explanatory research approach with the number of respondents collected at about 197 lecturers. These lecturers are those permanent lecturers of the private universities as well as lecturers assigned by the coordinating body of private university (DPK). The statistical method used to test the hypothesis is by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The study found as follows. First, the empowerment has a partial significant effect on professionalism and performance of lecturers. Second, the professionalism of lecturers has a partial significant effect on lecturers’ performance. However, the empowerment has no significant effect on lecturers’ performance if it is mediated by professionalism. This study suggests that the private universities in the city of Makassar under study need to provide conducive environment to minimize workload, a sufficient equipment and give a high motivation to the lecturers to name a few in order to make the lectures and the private universities in this loacation to improve their competitiveness. Also, it is important for these private universities to reduce unnecessary intervention given by the universities’ foundation that limit the performance, professionalism and the empowerment of their lecturers. In order words, a better management given by the private universities under surveyed is a must to make these universities are in a better shape in the near future.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 95-100



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