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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume V, Issue VII, July 2017 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th July 2017
Full Paper available from: 25th July 2017


Problems and Prospects of Post-UME/UTME in Nigerian Universities
Danjuma Munkaila, Abdulazeez Sikiru Adeyinka

Abstract: Post-UME/UTME is a screening / examination that each candidate seeking for admission into any tertiary institution in Nigeria has to undergo in order to test candidate’s ability due to various forms of examination malpractices persisting in Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB), National Examination Council (NECO) and West African Examination Council (WAEC). The study highlighted some of the problems associated with post-UME/UTME as pointed out by some individuals opposing the adoption of post-UME/UTME, contributions of some individuals supporting the exercise were also narrated and different analyses on the performance of candidates in JAMB examination (UTME scores) and post-UTME (post-UTME scores) were carried out. The results of paired t-test between UTME score and post-UTME score shows that there is a significant difference between the means of the two scores. The study has also discovered the use of arithmetic mean is not significantly different from weighted arithmetic mean with arbitrary values of 0.4 and 0.6 on utme score and post-utme score respectively.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-6


RASKIN PROGRAM: A PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS
Zarida

Abstract: The crisis in Indonesia has had a major impact on poverty over the last 20 years. Rising food prices have contributed to this situation. Indonesian government develops several economic recovery strategies, including the RASKIN program, as rice has a strategic role in achieving food, economic and political security. This paper aims to analyze how rice should be distributed to the poor through the RASKIN program. This program was a change from the initial program of OPM and OPK. Some improvements have been made to reduce the poverty level in Indonesia, but the desired objectives can be said to have not been achieved entirely. The source of the problem was the occurrence of discrepancies between concepts and their implementation. Abuse of the RASKIN program mainly takes place in relation to the distribution and determination aspects of the target household.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 7-14


Closing the Gap in the Use of English Course in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions through ESP
Geraldine Ifesinachi Nnamdi-Eruchalu, Christopher Ufuoma Akaruese

Abstract: To some undergraduates, the Use of English course is a distraction from the core courses they have enrolled for at the university. To others, it is just a means of securing high grades that would boost their cumulative grade point average (CGPA). But the major aim of the Use of English course is to equip students with the proficiency they require to pursue successfully, their courses of study as well as handle effectively, academic, non-academic and professional discourses in the English language after they had left school. The written and spoken English of the majority of the undergraduates in Nigerian universities indicate that the aim is far from being achieved. This study argues that the Use of English course would become more effective if students perceive the course material as having been designed to meet their immediate academic and professional needs, and not just a continuation of the general English language they were taught in the primary and secondary schools. To this end, it proposes the incorporation of faculty based ESP courses in the second segment of the course to motivate students to acquire the level of proficiency necessary for optimal success in their academic and professional life.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 15-21


INSTITUTIONAL DESIGN AND TRANSACTION COSTS TOWARD THE GROWTH OF CREATIVE ECONOMY IN MAKASSAR, SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA
Zulkarnain Basir, Basri Hasanuddin, Muhammad Yusri Zamhuri, Muh. Sharkawi Rauf

Abstract: Creative economy (creative industry) is economic activities that developing in the new economic era where information, creativity, ideas, and stock of knowledge as the main support and positioning of human resources (HR). In Indonesia, the creative industry has been with us since a long time. However, due to the government support and attention, the creative economy now plays important contribution to the growth. One of many cities in Indonesia that has a great potential of creative economy is Makassar, South Sulawesi. However, studies that examine the creative economy in this city have been limited. For this reasons, this study aims to examine several variables that allegedly affect the growth of creative economy. These variables are specifically institutional design and transaction costs. Using partial least square method, the study found that the better institutional design of the creative economy, it can improve growth of creative economy. Similarly, the lower transaction costs incurred by creative industry players, this will encourage the growth of creative economy.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 22-26


The Influence of Knowledge and Workload on the Behavior of Nurse Compliance in Nursing Care Documentation
Nita Theresia, Triawanti, Syamsul Arifin

Abstract: The nursing documentation is a record that contains all the information which is needed to determine nursing diagnoses, develop nursing plans, implement and evaluate nursing actions. Lack of compliance in documenting nursing care could be proven by several studies. Furthermore it needs in-depth assessment regarding factors that could influence the compliance behavior of nurse in documenting. The goals of this study was to analyze the influence of knowledge and workload factors on the behaviour of nurse working compliance in nursing care documentation at in-patient of dr. Doris Sylvanus Hospital, Palangka Raya. The method of this research was cross sectional study. The sample in this study were 74 respondents which were chosen by simple random sampling. Independent variables in this study were the knowledge and workload of nurses, while the dependent variable was nurse compliance behavior in nursing care documentations. Bivariate analysis test that utilized were chi square and multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regression. The result of this research shows that there was no influence of knowledge and there was significant influence of workload on the behavior of nurse working compliance in the nursing documentation at inpatient of Dr. Doris Sylvanus Hospital Palangkaraya.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 27-32


DETERMINATION OF ANTICANDIDAL AND ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL OF BLACKBERRY (Rubus fruticosus) FRUIT AND LEAVES EXTRACTS
Demet YİĞİT

Abstract: : In the present study, water and methanol extracts of blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) were studied for antioxidant and anticandidal properties. The antioxidant properties of fruits and leaves were evaluated by determining radical scavenging power, lipid peroxidation inhibition activity and total phenol content measured with 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test, the thiocyanate method and the Folin method, respectively. Both water and methanol extracts have antioxidant potential. The water and methanol extracts of both fruits and leaves have antioxidant potential, ranging from 50.7 % to 64.4 %. Anticandidal activities of above extracts were also tested against clinical isolates of human pathogenic strains belonging 5 yeast species, Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis, Candida krusei and Candida tropicalis by disk-diffusion method. The minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) value of each active extracts was also determined. The most effective antibacterial activity was expressed by methanol extract of blackberry leaves against with 15mm inhibition zone and 0.312 mg/ml MIC value.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 33-40


Entrepreneurship development and socio-cultural factors among Tiv People of Benue State, Nigeria
ASENGE Emmanuel Lubem, DIAKA Hembadoon Sarah , TSETIM James Tersoo

Abstract: Differences in value systems and cultural orientations towards entrepreneurship have been argued to affect entrepreneurship. The focus of this paper is on analysis of socio-cultural factors on entrepreneurship development among the Tiv people of Benue State, Nigeria. The researcher also examined the effect of family system, cultural values and festivities in affecting the development of entrepreneurship and emergence of entrepreneurs in Tiv land. In pursuit of the focus of this paper, it treats the concept of socio-cultural factors and entrepreneurship development. It also x-rays in detail the effect of extended family system, cultural values and festivities on entrepreneurship development. The study is based on review of previous empirical studies on the relationship between socio-cultural factors and entrepreneurship. The findings of this study indicated that the family system, cultural values and festivities have significant effect on the development of entrepreneurship in Tiv land, Benue State. The study concludes that socio-cultural factors affect entrepreneurship development in Benue State. The study recommends that government should put in place an education policy that educate the citizenry on the cultural factors that are found to be anti-entrepreneurial, parents and children in Tiv land should develop a new set of positive values that attract and facilitate entrepreneurship development in the state, and entrepreneurs in Tiv land should be aware of the multiple influencing factors in the State and develop the ability to correctly gauge opportunities.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 41-48


CURBING MENACE OF URBAN FIRE OUTBREAK IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS: A CASE STUDY OF GOMBE METROPOLIS
Agbonkhese Onoyan-usina; Yerima Abubakar Baba; Abba Yila Ladkiwa; kawu Yakubu

Abstract: Fire outbreak in urban areas of Nigeria has indeed assumed an alarming proportion as there is barely a day without occurrence of one incidence or the other leaving in its wake destruction of properties worth millions of naira, sometimes loss of lives, devastating impacts on human lives/livelihoods and infrastructural development. The study was concerned with curbing fire outbreak in residential buildings in Gombe metropolis and identifies some challenges faced by Inhabitants as well as the authority with respect to fire management. Both primary and secondary data were collected through 250 questionnaires which were administered on Inhabitants of the study area to access their opinions regarding fire outbreaks, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, direct observations, comprehensive literature review and from Gombe state fire service. Analysis of the questionnaires was done using ranking on five-point scale to measure a range of opinions from least causal factor to most causal factor. The findings have revealed that negligence on the part of Inhabitants either in the form of storing up adulterated fuel or leaving little children at home to fend for themselves is the most causal factor of fire outbreaks incidence in Gombe metropolis while kitchen appliances is the least causal factor of fire outbreak incidence; the inhabitants could use water and sand to quench fire; a high number of the residential buildings in the metropolis do not have fire extinguishers and those that have either do not know how to use them or the fire extinguishers are expired; the inadequacy of both firefighting gadgets and personnel as well as lack of access for fire tenders in most densely populated areas of the metropolis during a fire incidence was also identified. Relevant recommendations have been made for these Inhabitants and policy makers to strategize in order to curb and to have better protection against the menace of fire outbreaks.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 49-63


A SURVEY OF GASTRO INTESTINAL HELMINTHES OF GREY-BREASTED HELMET GUINEA FOWLS (NUMIDA MELEAGRIDIS GALEATA PALLAS) IN SOKOTO, NIGERIA
MERA, U. M and MUSA. U

Abstract: A survey of gastro-intestinal helminthes parasites of domesticated grey-breasted helmet guinea fowl (Numida meleagridis galeata pallas) was carried out between 1st to 30th November 2014. Postmortem examinations of 100 samples of gastro-intestinal tracts of guinea fowls slaughtered and processed at Sokoto meat and vegetable market, revealed an overall prevalence of 100%. Cestodes were identified in 35% and Nematodes in 95% of the samples examined. The nematodes found were Ascaridia galli 80 (80%), Heterakis gallinarum with 30 (30%), Cheilospirura spp. 30 (30%) and Dispharyns (Acuria) spp. The only cestode identified was Ralleitina sp. with the prevalence of 30 (30%). Mixed infections occurred in 50% of the infected birds. These finding indicate that guinea fowls harbor helminth parasites (Nematodes and cestodes) that are parasitic, and the effect of these parasites on the productivity of the guinea fowls is discussed. The need for pre-market treatment as a means of improving the survival rate and market value of this game bird is recommended.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 64-67



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Scirj, Volume V
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Scirj, Volume IV
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August Issue
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