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Scirj, Volume VI [2019]
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Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume VII, Issue I, January 2019 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th January 2019
Full Paper available from: 25th January 2019


EFFECTS OF ACTIVITY-BASED APPROACH AND EXPOSITORY METHOD ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN BASIC SCIENCE.
ODUTUYI, Musili O.

Abstract: The study investigated the effects of activity-based approach and expository method on students academic achievement in Basic Science. The specific objectives of the study were to determine the effect of activity-based approach and expository method on students academic achievement in Basic Science. It also examined the influence of gender on students academic achievement when taught using activity-based approach. The study adopted the pre-test-post-test, control group in quasi-experimental design. Eighty-seven (87) Junior Secondary School two (JSSII) Basic Science students in their intact classes from two purposively selected co-educational schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria constituted the sample. The instrument used for collection of data was Achievement Test in Basic Science (ATBS). The co-efficient of reliability of ATBS was 0.76 using a test-re-test technique. The data collected were analysed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The findings of the study showed that, significant difference existed between the achievement of students exposed to activity-based approach and those taught using the expository method. Learners in the activity-based approach group demonstrated better achievement than their counterparts in expository method group. The results also revealed that, gender had no significant effect on the achievement of students in Basic Science. Based on the findings, it is recommended among others that the government should ensure the provision of good functional laboratories that can serve as venues for the teaching and learning of science concepts, from which activity-based approach can be utilized to improve students academic achievement in Basic Science.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-9


THE EFFECT OF VILLAGE DEVICE COMPETENCIES AND INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM ON ACCOUNTABILITY OF VILLAGE MANAGEMENT
Dian Astri Budiana, Darwis Said, Nursini

Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of village competency and internal control systems on the accountability of village fund management in three sub-districts in Enrekang Regency. The data used in this study are primary data using a questionnaire. The population in this study were village officials involved in managing village finance at each village government. For respondents in each village there were 3 village financial management officials (village head, village secretary, treasurer) and 3 community leaders. The sample of this study was 145 samples. The research method used in this study is a multiple linear regression method using SPSS version 22 software. The results of the study showed that the influence of village competency had a positive and significant effect on the accountability of village fund management with an effect value of 0.288. While the internal control system has a positive and significant effect on the accountability of village fund management with an influence value of 0.328.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 10-20


Influence of Financial Performance and Capital Structure on Company Growth and Company Value of Advertising, Printing and Media Companies in Indonesian Stock Exchange
Husnul Muamilah, Muhammad Asdar , Muhammad Sobarsyah

Abstract: This research aims to examine and to analyze the influence of financial performance and capital structure on company growth and company value in advertising, printing and media companies listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX) in period from 2013 until 2017. Populations of 15 companies were selected with purposive sampling to select nine companies that met the sample criteria. The data obtained through Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX) and the websites of companies. Data were analyzed using panel data regression with Eviews 10. The results show that (1) financial performance affects company growth positively and significantly, (2) capital structure affects company growth positively and significantly, (3) financial performance affects company value positively and significantly, (4) capital structure affects company value positively and significantly (5) company growth affects company value negatively and significantly.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 21-29


Reduce the allocated training time per head in an apparel company by using Arduino technology
O.V Jayasinghe , G.A.P.R Perera

Abstract: Simulator training for industries has been developed during the last decade in almost all the cooperate sectors around the globe. Enhance the time consuming and reducing resource needs for training purposes were expected from the simulator trainings. Currently approximately five industries in Sri Lanka entitled to the field of digital trainings such as aviation, military, marine, railway and medical. Apparel industry is one of the most developed industries in Sri Lanka and giant apparel exporters have being operating with large number of employees. The complexity of the operations inside an apparel company gets increase frequently due to the requirements coming from the international market. Design a suitable module for trainings of newly recruited employees in apparel industry was raised as the time allocation for trainings was identified as critical figure in the process. Develop the quality of the training with the extended support of digital programming is the key expectation from such a project. Arduino as a modern programming tool use for electro-mechanical interfaces can be used successfully to design a well mapped training simulator for apparel industry. Enrich the user friendly training environment with less amount of resource allocating was set as the nominated outcomes from the project. Training time period set per head in the initial training process has been focused to reduce in significant figure in terms of save the time, financial resources and the other factors linked to the training procedure.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 30-37


ASSESSING THE ZINC CONCENTRATION IN FRUIT AND SEED OF SOME CUCURBITACEAE GROWN IN NIGERIA
Ogbuanu, C.C. and Eneh, O.C.

Abstract: Information-poor countries experience inadequate food supplements, such as zinc due to lack of information and poverty. Zinc content of fruit and seed of Cucurbitaceae family was studied using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). The result showed higher concentrations (mg/kg) of zinc in seeds (pumpkin 82.06 ± 0.033, cucumber 65.04 ± 0.025, water melon 39.97 ± 0.016 and cucumis melon 30.62 ± 0.020) than in fresh fruits (pumpkin 1.82 ± 0.027, cucumber 0.83 ± 0.017, water melon 0.47 ± 0.005 and cucumis melon 0.40 ± 0.010). Since the seeds of pumpkin, cucumber, water melon and cucumis melon were very good sources of zinc, the study recommended their increased consumption to help protect against prostate enlargement, maintain a regular sperm count, mobility and regular level of testosterone and activate many enzymes in every organ in the body.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 38-40


Organophosphorus pesticides residue in cattle milk from Khartoum state
Sara A. M., Afaf I. A., Sahar M. A., Abubakar A. S., Abdelbagi A. O., Abdalla A. M.

Abstract: The current study was performed to determine the kinds of organophosphorus pesticides residue in milk sample in state of Khartoum-Sudan. 66 samples were collected from breeding farms widespread the state, regarding the areas of high farms concentration. Samples were collected in sterile vacutainers frigid, extracted and analyzed using gas chromatograph GC/FID. Two pesticides belong to organophosphorus group were detected (Dimethoate and Chloropyrifos). 4% of Khartoum bahri samples contained the two pesticides, while Khartoum and Omdurman recorded 21% and 5.26% respectively. 92% of dimethoate positive samples from Khartoum Bahri area exceeded the maximum residue limits, while Khartoum and Omdurman showed the same percentage 84.2%. All Choloropyrifos positive samples were below the maximum residue limits.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 41-46


ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY IN EASTERN INDONESIA
Ely Steven Ingratubun, Muhammad Yusri Zamhuri, Paulus Uppun, Rein Joseph Wekan, Theo Julius Rahajaan

Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of economic growth, both directly and indirectly on poverty in Eastern Indonesia. This study uses Simultaneous Equation Model (SEM) to regression the causal relationship between economic growth and poverty by using secondary data and data panels in 2008 to 2017. The findings of the research study show that: (1) economic growth experiences an increase or decrease in the push for economic inputs, both directly and indirectly, significantly negative / positive effect on poverty; (2) poverty has decreased or increased depending on economic indicators both directly and indirectly significantly influencing positive / negative.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 47-51


Cyanogenic Potentials of Garri Flour: Implications on the academic performance of Junior Secondary School Students
Dr. Wisdom J. Owo , Gogo J. Owo

Abstract: Poor academic performance may be caused by many factors not excluding exposure to cyanides in cassava products which may result in mental retardation, poor cognitive function, memory loss, neurological disorders and visual impairments. Cyanogenic potentials in garri flour from four Areas in Rivers State, Nigeria were determined. The cyanogenic potentials of the garri samples determined ranged from 14.51 to 21.00 ppm and were above the FAO/WHO recommended safe level of 10 ppm. Communities in Area 4 produced garri flour with high cyanogenic potential of 21.00 ppm while those in Area 3 produced garri flour with low cyanogenic potential of 14.51 ppm. The results revealed the risk of developing problems like depression, poor cognitive function and congenital malformations due to cyanide poisoning that may possibly lead to poor academic performance among students in all the sampled Areas with Area 4 having higher possibilities compared to other Areas. And so, it was recommended that the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education should collaborate to sensitize and educate the parents and students/pupils on the health disorders associated with cyanide. Also, parents should prevent children below 16years from excessive intake of garri to minimize the risks of cyanide poisoning on their memory, cognitive function and attention which may lead to poor academic performance.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 52-58


Analysis of the Proposed Nigerian 330KV Integrated Network using ETAP 12.6 software
Ogbikaya S. , Ike S. , Evbogbai M. J. E.

Abstract: The analysis of the impact of integrating the power generated from Generation Company of Nigeria (GENCO), Nigeria Independent Power Project (NIPP) and the Independent Power Producers (IPP) into the existing 330kV transmission network is presented in this work. The analysis is carried out using ETAP 12.6 and MATLAB software for the existing and the proposed 330kV grid network. The result indicates that with the proposed integrated 330kV network, the power losses on each transmission lines reduced by 0.48MWwhich indicates 46% improvement on the existing 330kV transmission network and the voltage profile on each bus of the entire network improves from (0.66 – 1.13) per unit to (0.94 – 1.50) per unit. The result reveals that the integration of the proposed 330kV network, electricity supply in the national grid will be stable, reliable and adequate for sustainable development.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 59-71


The Impact of the Proposed Nigeria 330KV Integrated Network on the Transfer Capacity of the Existing 330KV Network
Ogbikaya S., Ike S. , Evbogbai M. J. E.

Abstract: The impact of the proposed integrated 330kV network on the transfer capacity of the existing 330kV network is analyzed in this work using ETAP 12.6 and the results analyzed with MATLAB software. The results obtained indicates that the transfer capacity of the entire network is increased by 2GW with the proposed integrated 330kV network. This will eradicate system collapse and more load will be accommodated in the network without stressing the network beyond it thermal limits.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 72-82


DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM OF EMPLOYEE ELECTION RECOMMENDATION ACCORDING TO PERSONALITY USING PROFILE MATCHING METHOD
Irwan Manuela Dwiyanto, Agung Surya Kristanto, Motika Dian Anggraeni, Julaiha Probo Anggraini

Abstract: In the current era of globalization, finding employees is no longer an easy thing. Strict competition makes each individual try to improve their quality. Especially in the search process of candidates, where in looking for candidates is not easy and often there is an error in the search process of the candidate itself if only relying on curriculum vitae. Therefore, personality is very necessary in dealing with the world of work, therefore the author wants to make an application of a decision support system that can adjust the criteria desired by the candidates who tested the accuracy by using the profile matching method. The results of this study are to add criteria other than curriculum vitae, namely the personality of candidates who are made based on the concept of knowledge management so that knowledge can be conveyed well to help job seekers in knowing their personality. After the application is finished, the writer does the test results of the system using the User Acceptance Test (UAT) method of 77% can be said to be good and can be applied in the candidate search process.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 83-92


Overcoming the challenges of value chain development of some selected crops for poverty reduction in Nigeria: the entrepreneurial dimension
Zaman, Ezekiel Y., Abdul, J. M., Otiwa, Godwin, Odey, Bernard O., , Adaaja, Blessing O & Raji, Umar. E

Abstract: The agricultural sector has been an engine of growth for the Nigerian economy with the crop sub-sector playing a dominant role, accounting for 90 percent of the sectoral output. But this seemingly substantial contribution is inadequate when juxtaposed alongside the potential of the sub-sector. In specific terms, of the 82 million hectares of arable land in Nigeria, only 34 million hectares are under cultivation with about 80 percent of the population employed in agriculture. The country’s poverty rate is high (36.19 percent, as at 2013) which is largely accounted for by those in the rural areas and employed in agriculture. The annual food import bill has been high ($4.2 billion), due to the short-fall between demand and supply of agricultural products, and is largely attributed to the low development of the value chains of crops. Equally, a large percentage of farmers in the country practice subsistence farming with little or no business approach in their production. This paper reviewed the challenges in the value chain development (such as poor or absent infrastructure, unsupportive laws and regulations, social barriers, inadequate financial support, poor access to information, market-related risk, and low bargaining power) of five selected crops: rice, wheat, maize, soybean and tomatoes, and suggested how they can be surmounted through enhancing the entrepreneurial capacity of farmers in the country for self-sufficiency in food production and extreme poverty eradication.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 93-99


THE JANUS-FACE CATTLE RUSTLING IN PLATEAU STATE
KUDEN PLANG ISTIFANUS SHARPSPEAR

Abstract: This paper expounded the Janus-face cattle rustling in Plateau State. The paper technically unravels the peculiarity of cattle rustling in its dynamics, and the complex trend in Plateau State given the nature of the conflict in Plateau generally. To properly do this, queer ladder theory which posited as its main thrust that organised crimes happens in areas where there are slim livelihood opportunities, and that organised crimes are unconventional and weird means of socio-economic empowerment in the society is utilized. This is to establish the fact that cattle rustling in Plateau state is one dimension of the conflict in the State generally, and to ascertained the fact that spiral ethno religious conflict in Plateau in its trends and dynamics has resulted to the criminality of cattle rustling which is similar to human trafficking, drug cartels, prostitution and syndicated crimes and social disorder. The paper investigates the issue of cattle rustling and its socio-economics and political consequence. The paper also look into peculiarity of cattle rustling in America, Europe, Africa especially East Africa and Nigeria and concluded that, cattle rustling in Plateau takes both ethno religious and non ethno religious dimension in its trends and dynamics given the social category involved in the act either as a culprit or victim which differs from time, location, intent and complexity of the conflict within the state generally. It is evident that to a larger degree, cattle rustling in its early stage in Plateau manifested an ethno religious character but most recent it is manifesting non ethno religious character and in some cases and areas it is manifesting both given the causes and intent. This confirm the Janus-face of the act (cattle rustling) within the area of study.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 100-107



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume VI [2019]
April Issue [In Process]
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue

Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue










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