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Scirj, Volume IX [2021]
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume IX, Issue II, February 2021 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th February 2021
Full Paper available from: 25th February 2021


The Politico-Economic Competition Affecting Ecotourism Development in Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem between Kenya and Tanzania
Dr. Godfrey Cotty Ungaya

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the politics around revenue sharing dilemma which affects ecotourism development in Serengeti-Mara ecosystem between Kenya and Tanzania. Ecotourism is a form of tourism that is geared towards conservation of tourist destinations as opposed to traditional tourism of profit maximization from tourism activities by key stakeholders. The EAC Regional Tourism policy forms the foundation of ecotourism development in this transboundary ecosystem. Despite existence of this agreement, ecotourism development has been negatively affected by the politics of revenue sharing accrued from tourism activities among key players on both sides of the border. The study used questionnaire, interviews and focused group discussion to collect primary data while secondary data were collected using journals, documents, acts, legislations, sessional papers and conventions/protocols on tourism. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The qualitative data were analysed by consolidating emerging themes from the key informant interviews and topic analysis. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages. Data were presented in form of tables, pie charts and narrations. The results indicate issues of revenue sharing are yet to be sorted which has affected ecotourism in terms of tourist flow and conservation of this tourist destination. Findings demonstrate that Maasai Mara National Reserve receives 290,000 against Serengeti 116,000 foreign tourists annually. But a look at international receipts show that Serengeti revenue collection is more than Mara’s. Thus, lack of concrete structures on how to increase revenue generation and sharing within the EAC tourism policy has led to political and economic competition in this transboundary ecosystem. There is need for review of the EAC tourism policy such that the political and economic competition between the two nation-states is removed.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-9


Two Suturing Approaches with Punch Trabeculectomy: A Prospective Randomized study
Khaled Hamdi Elbaklish

Abstract: Two Suturing Approaches with Punch Trabeculectomy: A Prospective Randomized study.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 10-16


Rabies: 100% Preventable but Remains a Daily Threat to Millions around the World, a Comprehensive Review
Furqan Munir, Rida Asrar, Momina Ahsan, Areej Asif, Abdul Hakeem Shah

Abstract: Rabies is a serious viral disease of mammals that causes acute inflammation of the brain in animals. It is a zoonotic, fatal, and progressive neurological infection. The virus responsible for this belongs to the family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus. It affects warm-blooded animals and the disease is prevalent throughout the world and endemic in many countries except Antarctica and Australia. The virus enters the body through a rabid animal bite. Currently, there is no specific treatment for rabies if clinical signs appear. We can control rabies through regular vaccination of ourselves and our pets.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 17-22


Language Policy of a Nation: Literature review in Language Planning Models and Strategies: A Brief Overview
Dr. Niruba Sarath Jayasundara

Abstract: This Paper aims at briefing the different models of language planning activities which strategically targets a language policy of any nation. It begins with introducing the term of Language planning and policy in the literature of Linguistics and moves on describing the steps/ stages adopted in Language planning strategy. Apart from the stages the positive and negative planning implemented in nations are briefed. The outcome and challenges of implementation of the models of language planning is discussed and finally, it ended up with how the nations adopted national language policy, official language policy and medium of instructions policy by implementing the strategies of language planning.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 23-30


VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES OF GOOD LANGUAGE LEARNERS FROM AN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL
Syafiqah Hasram, Belvinna Kaur Ajaib Singh

Abstract: In the era of globalisation, English has become an essential aspect of life. People throughout the world have recognised how important the English language is in the education system. Schools all over the world have implemented English in Mathematics and Science learnings. In Malaysia, many international schools are now open, and parents are sending their children to these schools in order for them to have the fluency of the English language. Despite being non-native speakers, many students have successfully gained strong language proficiency in the English language. This paper aims to look at the successful strategies used by secondary learners in an international school in acquiring vocabulary. The participants in this study were 30 students from an international school based in Selangor state. The data was collected through questionnaires and the findings were analyzed. The data was based on quantitative research. The findings were focused on the language learning strategies to acquire vast vocabulary knowledge. The findings were then used to conclude how successful language learners improve their vocabulary in learning English.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 31-37



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume IX [2021]
March Issue [In Process]
February Issue
January Issue


Scirj, Volume VIII [2020]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
Apirl Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue










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