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Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume VI, Issue VIII, August 2018 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th August 2018
Full Paper available from: 25th August 2018


EVALUATION OF FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO OCCURRENCE OF ACCIDENTS AT CONSTRUCTION SITES IN NAIROBI COUNTY
George Otiki Makori , Prof. Edward George Mamati, Prof. John Bosco Njoroge

Abstract: In Kenya, the construction industry accounts for 5% of the country GDP and employs about 1 million people with an estimated annual wage bill of K.sh. 3.2 billion. Despite the highlighted gains of the sector, there are negative attributes associated with construction work as the International Labor Organization estimates at least 60,000 fatal accidents occur each year on construction sites around the world. There was hence a need to evaluate factors that contribute to occurrence of accidents at construction sites in order to avail much needed information that can help minimize accidents. Occurrence of accidents at building construction sites in Nairobi County was modelled against technical factors, skills, working environment, occupational health and safety practices. Thirty project sites were purposively sampled and evaluated.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-13


The Effect of Some Immunological Indicators Associated with Systemic lupus erythematosus Disease
Wasan Abdulateef Majeed Al-Azzawi

Abstract: The current study was conducted on a sample of Iraqi patients with ""Systemic lupus erythematosus"( SLE) disease that affects the joints and kidneys. Blood tests were gathered from 32 patients with rheumatic ulcers, matured somewhere in the range of 13 and 50 years, with 96.87% of females. A total of 32 other blood samples of with Systemic lupus erythematosusin kidney disease were found between the ages of 16 and 65, of whom 90.62% were females. For the purpose of comparison, 32 other blood samples were collected from healthy individuals (control) between 21 and 54 years of age, 53.12% of whom were females. The relationship between a number of immunological markers and the disease was studied, including the presence of antinuclear antibodies such as antigenpo (RPP) , antigenSCI70 anti-antigen (AMA-M2), antigen (Jo1) and antigen PM-ScI. The results showed that none of these antibodies appeared in serum samples for healthy control, while they all appeared in serum samples for patients with "Systemic lupus erythematosus" diseasethat affects the joints and kidneys. The analytical tests gave a positive result for the serum antigenpo (RPP) of 43.75%, 31.25% of the aggregate number of patients with joints and kidneys separately, SCI70 antigen (18.75% and 6.25%) and antigen AMA-M2 (31.15%). (15.62% and 3.13%), antigens PM-ScI (34.37% and 12.50%) of the aggregate number of patients with joints and kidneys respectively, also, in light of these outcomes, the appearance of these antigens In the above percentages in the serum of the immunological indicators important to diagnose the Systemic lupus erythematosus disease that affects the joints and kidneys.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 14-22


TESTING THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT INFLOWS IN PAKISTAN
Muhammad Usman , Muhammad Ahmad

Abstract: Foreign direct investment is considered to be an important factor in economic growth of a country and in most of the developing countries such as Pakistan, FDI inflows is seen as vital catalyst for its development. It improves the economic growth of a country by simulating native investment, facilitating technology transfers in recipient country and increasing human capital development. This study is analyzed to check the impact and relationship of selective macroeconomic variables such as terrorism, inflation rate, market size, interest rate, democracy, and trade openness on foreign direct investment in Pakistan for the period of 1980 to 2013 through ARDL approach. The major findings of this study show that inflation rate, interest rates, democratic GOVT regimes and terrorism attacks are affecting the FDI inflows in Pakistan and all has long run association with FDI, whereas in short run inflation, interest rates and terrorism attacks show negative and market size show positive relationship with FDI inflows in Pakistan. Furthermore, trade openness has no impact on FDI in both long run and short run and is insignificant. The findings of this study suggest that increased interest rates and inflation rates in Pakistan will cause lower FDI inflows. The gross domestic product as market size increases it has positive impact on FDI inflows in Pakistan. The terrorisms attacks are major problem for Pakistan’s economy. The results show that previous terrorism attacks are affecting FDI inflows negatively in the short time span, but in long run it becomes positive. It means Pakistan economy has capacity to cover its problems and not much suffers from such attacks.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 23-34


Effect of Taxation on Dynamic Capital Structure Decisions of Quoted Industrial Firms in Nigeria
ORJINTA, HOPE IFEOMA; PROF. IFURUEZE, MESHACK S.

Abstract: The study investigated the effect of taxation on dynamic capital structure financing decisions of quoted industrial firms in Nigeria, using panel data collected from the annual report of the above mentioned companies within the period of fifteen years spanning 2003-2017. The study used longitudinal and ex-post facto research design. The sampled data was analyzed using simple regression tools. The study decomposed the different tax components into individual tax level and corporate tax level. The analysis of the result showed a significant positive relationship between company income tax and capital structure financing using dynamic model approach. The result revealed positive significant relationship between interest tax, tax shield and the companies equity ratio. In principle, the results support the view that capital structure financing choices are significantly affected by taxation both at individual and corporate level. Based on the result of the analysis and its findings, the study recommends among others that in making capital structure financing decisions, firms should consider the effect of taxes at both the individual level and company level. Industrial firms should also optimize the mix of debt financing in order to enjoy the associated benefits in terms of increase in tax shield.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 35-49



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
August Issue [In Process]
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue

Scirj, Volume V [2017]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue










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