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Scirj, Volume VI [2019]
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Scientific Research Journal

Scirj Volume VII, Issue IV, April 2019 Edition
ISSN: 2201-2796


Publication starts: 25th April 2019
Full Paper available from: 25th April 2019


Socio – Economic Benefits and the Associated Environmental Degradation Effects of Osyris lanceolata (Hochst & Steudel) Utilization in Kitui County, Kenya
Mumbu Dominic Mutisya, Muusya Mwinzi and Kisangau Daniel Patrick

Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the utilization and socio–economic benefits of Osyris lanceolata (The East African Sandalwood) in Kitui County, Kenya. Data was collected using questionnaires and analysed using SPSS version 20. A total of 120 respondents were interviewed. The results revealed that 78% of the respondents were aware of existence of O. lanceolata plants in their region. From these respondents there were two main uses of O. lanceolata wood products which included; medicinal and perfumery oil production.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 1-19


Evaluation of Various Uses of Aloe barban-densis miller (L) Burm (Aloe Vera Plant) by Rural Dwellers In Ile-Ogbo, Ayedire Local Government, Osun State.
Aluko O.J.

Abstract: The study investigated the evaluation of various uses of Aloe barbandensis miller (L) Burm by rural dwellers in Ile-Ogbo, Ayedire Local Government, Osun State. A multistage sampling technique was employed to sample 60 respondents. Data were obtained with the aid of structured questionnaire. The data were subjected to descriptive (percentages and frequency) and inferential, chi-Square, statistics. The findings revealed that majority of the people who made use of Aloe barbandensis miller (L) Burm were female (65%) while male were (35%). Also, 35% of respondents were between ages of 30 - 39 years with majority (65%) of the respondents married while 47% of the respondents had primary school certificate. The study further shows that the awareness of Aloe was very high in the study area. The findings revealed that Aloe barbandensis miller (L) Burm is used for treating convulsion, malaria, burns, inflammation, pimple, eczema and skin rash in the agrarian community. It is therefore recommended that the plant should be planted by every household for easy accessibility. The establishment of aloe vera industries should be encouraged so that the people can benefit by supplying the raw materials which will serve as sources of income for the rural people.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 20-26


PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Evbogbai M. J. E. , Ogbikaya S.

Abstract: The effect of environmental conditions on photovoltaic modules is presented in this work. The average terminals voltages of three solar panels of 6, 12 and 33volts mounted on a gabbled rooftop of about 15meters high were examined for different priods.The result from the experiment reveals that the 6, 12 and 33volts panels by 7.30am generate their respective rated voltages. Further examination shows that between 12.00noon and 1.00pm local time, the panels output were maximally 9, 20.2 and 38volts respectively. Beyond 6.30pm the voltage readings from the panels decreases virtually to zero. Plots of the average voltage generated for different periods revealed time and cloud dependence. The voltages generated also depend on its angle of inclination with respect to the sun and location of the site. The result from the experimental data depict that photovoltaic power generated is sustainable and can satisfactorily power both domestic and industrial loads for capacity building.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 27-34


PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF Solanum indicum LEAF EXTRACT AGAINST Pb2+- INDUCED LIPID PEROXIDATION AND HEPATOMEGALY IN ALBINO RATS
TUGBOBO, O.S.; AJAO, I.O. AND IDOWU, K.S

Abstract: Indiscriminate bioaccumulation of heavy metals in body have been linked to oxidative stress arising from peroxidation of membrane of biomolecules which consequently manifest as neurologic, hepatic, renal and cardiovascular disorders. Therefore this study is sought to investigate the protective and inhibitory effect of Solanum indicum leaf extract against lead acetate induced lipid peroxidation and hepatomegaly in liver of albino rats. Results showed that incubation of liver homogenate with the pro-oxidant (Pb2+) caused significant (P<0.05) increase in levels of thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS), while the extract offered highly significant (P<0.05) dose dependent inhibitory potential against the increase in TBARS induced by the pro-oxidant. Besides, results showed that treatment of rats in vivo with the respective doses of the extract significantly altered and attenuated serum and liver levels of biomarker enzymes (AST, ALT and ALP) in group C animals compared to rats in group B fed with lead acetate only that demonstrated significant (P<0.05) increase in enzyme activity while control group A received no treatment. Hence, the results suggest that Solanum indicum extract could confer protection on the liver tissues against oxidative stress and hepatomegaly and the extract may not be toxic at the doses investigated.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 35-40


Defect Detection of Ceramic Tiles using Median Filtering, Morphological Techniques, Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix and K-Nearest Neighbor Method
Riza Alamsyah, Ade Davy Wiranata, Rafie

Abstract: Manufacturing industry companies must be able to maintain the quality of each product produced, including manufacturing companies that produce ceramic tiles. For several years, automatic visual inspection has been applied to determine the quality of ceramic tiles produced. The difficulty of detecting defective ceramic tiles can have an impact on decreasing the quality of production, decreasing the level of consumer confidence, and decreasing profits for the company. The problem discussed in this research is how to defect detection of ceramic tiles so that the model built can improve accuracy to defect detection of ceramic tiles. The solution to this problem is to collect data in the form of ceramic tiles images, then preprocessing images data using Median Filtering to eliminate salt and paper noise and Morphological Techniques to improve images segmentation results. After preprocessing, texture image extraction data is based on texture using the Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) method which is continued by classifying images data using the K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) method. The results of this research are models that are built using the Median Filtering, Morphological Techniques, Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix and K-Nearest Neighbor method can improve accuracy to defect detection of ceramic tiles with an accuracy value of 98.9474% for k=3.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 41-45


AMELIORATIVE EFFECT OF PSIDIUM GUAJAVA LEAF EXTRACT ON PARAQUAT INDUCED RENAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HORMONE TOXICITY
OKORONDU M.M.O., OKORONDU S.I., ALISI C.S., EMEJULU A.A.

Abstract: Ameliorative effect of Psidium guajava (PG) leaf extract on Paraquat (PQ) induced Renal and Reproductive Hormone toxicity in rats were investigated. Thirty healthy male wistar rats were used for the in vivo experiment. The rats were divided into five groups of six animals each. Extract was administered daily for thirty (30) days using normal saline. Animals received 3.5 mg/kg of PQ intraperitoneally on the 15th day of the experiment.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 46-60


The impact of inflation on the Libyan economy after the Arab Spring Revolution during the period (2011-2018)
AZA YOUSEF ALHASADI

Abstract: The study aims to identify the impact of inflation on the Libyan economy after the Arab Spring Revolution during the period (2011-2018). The study was collected between the descriptive and analytical method. The data of study based on the economic publications issued by the Central Bank of Libya. The study concluded that the Libyan economy is witnessing a rise in price levels due to a number of factors, the most important of which are the events that took place in Libya during the period (2011 - 2018). As the political turmoil in the country continues will lead to exacerbates the country inflation crisis.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 61-71


THE MEANING OF TRUST AS A SOCIAL CAPITAL IN A RAMBU SOLO' CEREMONY AT TORAJA COMMUNITY IN THE SALU BELA' DEVELOPMENT
Anita De Grave, Ratna Ayu Damayanti, Syamsuddin

Abstract: This study aims to reveal in depth the meaning of the trust value in the Rambu Solo ceremony according to the Toraja people's understanding based on the practice of accounting for life. This study uses ethnometodology methods to achieve established research goals. By using an etho-methodological approach, this study seeks to uncover the meaning of trust in the traditional celebration of Rambu Solo Toraja community. The ethnometodology approach seeks to understand how people perceive, explain and describe their own life order. Ethnometodology seeks to understand how people begin to see, explain, and describe the order of the world in which they live.The results of the study illustrate that the trust value for the Toraja community in the Rambu Solo ceremony means that the value of honesty and trust is one of the foundations for the implementation of a solo sign, in which the process of receiving a family ceremony, there is no agreement and there is no record between the giver and the recipient, but each delivery will be returned when the person who gives the same ceremony.
Read Full Paper Reference this paper Page 72-77



Published Issue:

Scirj, Volume VI [2019]
April Issue [In Process]
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue

Scirj, Volume VI [2018]
December Issue
November Issue
October Issue
September Issue
August Issue
July Issue
June Issue
May Issue
April Issue
March Issue
February Issue
January Issue










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